THE AMNESTY PROGRAMME AND THE FUTURE OF THE NIGER DELTA: AN OVERVIEW OF THE DISARMAMENT, DEMOBILIZATION, AND REINTEGRATION (DDR) STRATEGY FOR SUSTAINABLE PEAC

Dr Umukoro Nathaniel and Atare Otite   (Published 2014)

Dr Nathaniel
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Book Summary

Like physicians searching for the cure to AIDS, the Nigerian government has been searching for a solution to the struggle for justice, equity and development in the Niger Delta. The search in post-colonial period started in 1962 when the Niger Delta Development Board (NDDB) was set up to serve in advisory capacity and provide government with information that would lead to the alleviation of the plight of the area in conjunction with the Development Act of 1961. The NDDB?s reports were never made public; they died with the first republic when the military took over power in 1966. Between 1960?s and late 1980?s, nothing significant was done to solve the environmental and developmental problems of the Niger Delta. In 1989, the military government of General Ibrahim Babangida, in an attempt to assuage the people of the Niger Delta, set up the Oil Minerals Producing Areas Development Commission (OMPADEC) but failed to actualize its objectives due to wastefulness and corruption . During the Obasanjo?s administration the Niger Delta Development Commission (NDDC) was established in 2000 with the sole mandate of developing the oil-rich Niger-Delta region of southern Nigeria. Like OMPADEC a magnifying lens is required to see its performance. This has made the Federal Government to create a new ministry called Ministry of Niger Delta in 2008, to address the Niger Delta issue. In spite of the presence of these institutions, militant activities, violence and rebellion have been the order of the day in the region. This has resulted in the military approach to ensuring peace in the area using the Joint Task Force. The military approach has not been successful in bringing peace to the area. In pursuit of the Seven Point Agenda, the Federal Government under Musa Yar?Adua inaugurated a technical committee headed by Ledum Mitee on September 8, 2008 to distill the various reports, suggestions and recommendations on the Niger Delta from the Willinks Commission Report of 1958 to the present and give a summary of the recommendations necessary for government action. The committee was also expected to present a detailed short, medium and long term solution to the problems in the Niger Delta and make any other recommendations that will help to achieve sustainable development, peace, human and environmental security in the Niger Delta region. On December 1, 2008, the report was submitted to President Yar?Adua and he assured that the crisis in the littoral region of Nigeria would have a final resolution (Adegbamigbe, 2009:16-19). Following the report of this committee, the Federal Government introduced the amnesty program as a strategy for bringing peace to the Niger Delta. This paper examines the extent to which the amnesty program can go in bringing a bright future to the people of the Niger Delta. It argues that sustainable peace can only be ensured if the government uses the relative peace produced by the amnesty program to address the root causes of violent conflicts in the area.


Item Type: Books (Electronic Books in Portable Data Format)
Format: PDF document,   2.4 MB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: The Amnesty Programme and the Future of the Niger Delta: An Overview of the Disarmament, Demobilization, and Reintegration (DDR) Strategy for Sustainable Peac
Department: Political Science and Public Administration
Field of Study: Political Science
Uploaded By: Aimomoh Joseph Inofe
Date Added: 12 Feb 2019 2:09pm
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2019
book URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/book/the_amnesty_programme_and_the_future_of_the_niger_delta_an_overview_of_the_disarmament_demobilization_and_reintegration_ddr_strategy_for_sustainable_peac


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