All OER Conference Presentations


Previous research work has shown that sand production with hydrocarbons has helped to increase the
productivity of oil wells. However, this poses difficulties during shut down and start-up operations due
to sand deposition and are aggravated when the pipelines are undulating. The hilly-terrain geometry of
pipelines strongly affects multiphase flow regimes hence the need to study sand transport characteristics
as it is vital in efficient pipeline design. The aim of this research work is to experimentally investigate the
flow hydrodynamics…
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Producing sand during oil and gas production is unavoidable. Sand is produced along with oil and gas
and its deposition in pipelines is a significant risk as it can cause pipe corrosion and flow assurance
difficulties. It is therefore key that flow conditions are sustained to guarantee lack of deposition of sand
particles. The minimum combination of mixture velocities that guarantee continuous sand motion is
known as the minimum transport condition (MTC). Here, we investigate the effect both of sand READ MORE Download Staff Profile


Slug translational velocity, described as the superimposition of the maximum mixture velocity in the
slug body and that of the drift velocity, is a critical parameter for two-phase pipe flow. Accurately
determining it is important for the energy-efficient design of oil and gas pipelines. A survey of the
literature revealed that existing prediction models of this parameter were developed based on observation
from low viscosity liquids (of 1 Pa.s or less). However, its behaviour in pipes transporting higher viscosity
oils…
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Enormous hype surrounds 3D printing, with the predictions that it will spur a manufacturing rebirth in Nigeria and the World. The sole aim of Additive Manufacturing (AM) is to empower everyone to run their own cottage manufacturing facility. There are many areas where 3D printing is creating significant change, particularly in designing and prototyping of new products, in the arts, and in visualizing abstract concepts, etc. This change stemmed from conventional manufacturing processes to rapid prototyping and layer manufacturing. This…
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This paper examines on the activities/policies of Nigeria and her environment with respect to social equity and how it has affected the development of the nation.  The paper will attempt to define social concept and to critically examine whether social equity has a positive impact on the implementation of federal policy on equal employment opportunity in federal agencies.  Discrimination in the society can give rise to poverty if it not reduced in the society.  Business organization should take collective actions…
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The main objective of this work is to critically examine cost-effective reporting standard in small and medium scale enterprises in Nigeria.  There is a considerable debate over the appropriate role for small and medium scale enterprises.  Years back, there has been controversy as to whatever the current financial reporting system for small and medium scale enterprise (SMEs) is adequate.  It has been encountered in different countries of the world, including Nigeria.  This study tries to look into the…
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Introduction
•Sexually transmitted infections are re-emerging in the developing countries.
•They constitute a major public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa.
•Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection that may be transmitted via blood transfusion, as well.
•With every one unit of blood transfusion, there is 1% chance of transfusion related complications including transfusion transmitted infections (Swapanet al., 2012)


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African countries are that part that has developing in which people with lowest income improve in material welfare.  It has increase overtime of an economy’s capacity to produce those goods and services needed to improve the wellbeing of the citizen in increasing numbers and diversity.  African production development merely is the creation of utility in both micro and macro and economic studies that are estimated nationally at least, the varying levels of production and output both the firm…
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Third world is that part of the world that has developing countries located in Africa, Latin America and Asia.  Third World Development consists of an increase in socio-economic condition from a lower to a more desirable state of Development challenges are barriers, setbacks, problems and threats that make it difficult for the countries in the Third world not to move from a lower socio-economic condition to a higher one. A millennium consists of 1000 years.  So the Third…
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The study examines the effectiveness of queuing models in the establishment and services organizatins.  It attempts to find a balance between cost associated with having to wait for service and the costs of providing a fast service.  Queuing model are set of tools for analyzing such problems concerned with providing service to customers. It helps to determine the Distribution of inter-arrival times.  Distribution of service times and gives the number of servers.  Queuing theory system have an effect…
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Research is the process of investigating or finding out something new or improvement of poor result in a systematic way thereby increasing knowledge.  Notional development is that increase of the national income or total volume of production of goods and services of a country accompanied by improvements in the total standard of living of the people.  It is a total upward structural shift of the social system in terms of a capacity to produce, supply, distribute and consume…
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Background: The prevalence of HIV infection has been described in
the Delta ~tates of Nigeria in many publications and appears to be
quite varied depending on the publication.
Delta State University Teaching Hospital, Oghara is a newly built
hospital located about 110 km from Asaba, the capital city of Delta
State.
Objective: To determine the prevalence of HIV infection in the population
of patients attending the newly established teaching hospital,
in Oghara, Delta State.
We made an attempt to retrospectively…
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ABSTRACT
BACKGROUND: Burkitt's lymphoma is a high grade childhood malignancy that is
endemic in tropical countries. Performance status is one of the prognostic indices used in
lymphoid malignancies. Late presentation resulting from illiteracy and poverty may
worsen the prognosis of Burkitt's lymphoma in Nigerian children. Haemorheological
parameters have not been fully determined in Nigerian children with Burkitt's lymphoma.
AIMS: To assess haemorheological parameters' and define their association with
performance status in Nigerian children with Burkitt's lymphoma.
METHODS: Study population comprised…
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Globalisation and economic competitiveness remains one of the most controversial subjects in recent research.  This paper assessed how competitive the Nigerian economy is and the obstacles or threats to its competitiveness in a globalising world.  Despite the perceived benefits that accrue to participating countries, the paper showed that both internal and external threats affect the development of domestic production capacity in negative ways, thus hindering the nation from reaping the gains of globalization.  It was also pointed out…
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Nigeria is classified as a democratic country that operates a federal system of government. Arowolo (2011) Akindele and Olawpa (2011) Akindele and Olawpa (2002) both opined that federalism is a political concept in which the powers to govern is shared between national, states and local government, resulted what is often called a federation.  This concept demands that each level of government should have adequate power and resources to perform its functions except some major issues whereby local and states government…
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Abstract

one of the popular error criteria functions in kernel density estimation is the asymptotic mean integrated squared error...


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Abstract

The bivariate kernel estimator bridges the gap between the univariate kernel higher dimensional kernels in density estimation...


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Abstract

The techniques of asymptotic mean integrated squared error's reduction in kernel density estimation is the focus of this paper...


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INTRODUCTION
•Antibiotics are natural, synthetic, or semi-synthetic substances which are used to treat or prevent microbial infections in humans and animals. Their development is one of the greatest accomplishments of modern medicine (WHO, 2015).
•Antibiotic resistance is the acquired ability of a microorganism to resist the effects of an antimicrobial agent to which it is normally susceptible (Madigan et al., 2015).
•Because of widespread existing antibiotic resistance and continual rise of new resistance, pathogens isolated from clinical specimens must be…
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General overview of the lecture: The course is intended to give the students the basic and important knowledge of viruses. The course entails fundamental topics such as: Study of some microbial pathogens (bacteria, virus and fungi) of plants, animals with emphasis on those prevalent in Nigeria; Clinical manifestations of specific bacteria, viral and fungal pathogens of man.


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Listeria is the causative agent for “Listeriosis” an infectious disease of
public health significance.
• Vulnerable groups as immunocompromised individuals (e.g. HIV/AIDS, patients on
chemotherapy), pregnant women, new-born and the elderly (Farber, 1991).
Studies on food pathogens transmitted via fresh vegetables have
reported the involvement of Gram-negative bacterial pathogens such
as Escherichia coli and Salmonella. Food contamination with
antimicrobial resistant bacteria can be a major threat to public health.
• Consequently, there are scarce findings exploring the involvement of drug…
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Petroleum as a pollutant.
?Crude oil in Niger Delta and its polluted environs.
?Casestudy; Ogoniland in Niger Delta.
?The potency of microbes as a clean up tool for environmental pollution
?16SrRNA-basedapproachforbacterialidentificationINTRODUCTION


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The quest for space on the Nigeria political space has been kept alive and sustained with renewed vigor with the dawn of democratic dispensation in Nigeria. Beyond cry for freedom and the sing song of oppression and marginalization, the character of the calls and agitation to jostle for space is taking a new dimension and gradually becoming fascinating. In the past, women activism has been seen as protest against men oppression and marginalization. Any time the voice of…
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                                                 Introduction

Power management: maximizing battery power by switching the system to low-power state when they are in active A sensor is a device that responds to a stimulus, such as heat, light or pressure, and generates a signal that can be measured or interpreted The main purpose of sensor networks is to monitor an area, including…
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Niger. J. Physiol. Sci. 29(December 2014)
www.njps.com.ng
ABSTRACTS OF THE
PROCEEDINGS OF THE XXXIVth ANNUAL SCIENTIFIC CONFERENCE OF THE SOCIETY AND IUPS
REGIONAL TEACHING RESEARCH WORKSHOP
October 20-23 2014, Lagos Sheraton Hotel, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria.


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The effect of cortisol on blood glucose in frogs is well
established. However, the role of adrenergic receptors in
cortisol-induced hyperglycaemia is not known. The present
study investigated the role of adrenergic receptors in the
mechanism by which cortisol increased blood glucose in
toad (Bufo-regularis).


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ABSTRACT
Objective:
To assess the evidence of the effects of knowledge and perception of health insurance on the willingness to enrol and
utilize health insurance among clienteles using tertiary health services.
Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study. The instrument was a pre-tested, semi-structured self administered
questionnaire. Descriptive statistics as well as chi-square test and regression analysis were done to show statistically
significant associations.
Results:
The findings reveal that majority of the respondents had heard about health insurance at 275(78.6%),…
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Access to information about organizations potentials or issues could strengthen the level of prosperity, transformations and stability, so also when vital information are withheld (silenced on) could cause the opposite. It is therefore pertinent to highlight the factors which could be responsible.The study employs survey design as its research approach. The sample frame consists of all 2015 – 2016 Postgraduate students in Babcock University with the total population of 1,039. This study adopted a simple random sampling selection…
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?EFFECT OF ALCOHOL AND CADMIUM CHLORIDE ON TESTICULAR FUNCTION AND THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THESE TESTICULAR FUNCTIONS AND SOME TESTICULAR BIOMETRIC PARAMETERS.

EKHOYE E.I., NWANGWA E.K. AND ALOAMAKA C.P.

 

15th Conference for Physiological Society of Nigeria

?Department of Physiology, University of Ibadan, 2013


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Typhoid fever is a life- threatening illness caused by the bacterium Salmonella Typhi. Both ill persons and carriers shed salmonella Typhi in faeces (stool). You can get typhoid fever by eating or drinking food or water contaminated with Salmonella Typhi. These bacteria are shed in the stool and urine of infected people (Watson,1967).


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COPING WITH ACADEMIC CHALLENGES
Coping can be defined as
• an individuals cognitive and behavioural
strategies to manage, reduce or tolerate the
external and / or
• internal demands encountered in any situation
and
• is reflected in the self protection strategies
adopted by the individual


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INTRODUCTION
• Dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), is a member of a family of extremely
potent carcinogens, the N-nitrosamines (U.S. EPA, 2002).
• DMN is generated from the in situ reaction of dimethylamine (DMA)
with monochloroamine in the disinfection process or the nitrosation
of DMA by nitrite (Gerecke and Sedlak, 2003).
• DMN is a potent hepatotoxin, carcinogen and mutagen which exerts
its carcinogenic effects, causes fibrosis, cirrhosis and induces hepatic
necrosis in experimental animals through metabolic activation by
CYP2E1 (George et al.,…
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INTRODUCTION
• Dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), a member of Nitrosamine family
is generated from the in situ reaction of dimethylamine
(DMA) with monochloroamine in the disinfection process or
the nitrosation of DMA by nitrite (Gerecke and Sedlak, 2003).
• DMN is a potent hepatotoxin, carcinogen and mutagen which
exerts its carcinogenic effects, causes fibrosis, cirrhosis and
induces hepatic necrosis through metabolic activation by
CYP2E1 (George et al., 2001; Kasprzyk-Hordern et al., 2005).
• The occurrence of dietary and environmental chemicals such
as…
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INTRODUCTION
• Dimethylnitrosamine (DMN), a member of the Nitrosamines is
generated from the in situ reaction of dimethylamine (DMA) with
monochloroamine in the disinfection process or the nitrosation of
DMA by nitrite (Gerecke and Sedlak, 2003).
• DMN is a potent hepatotoxin, carcinogen and mutagen which exerts
its carcinogenic effects, causes fibrosis, cirrhosis and induces hepatic
necrosis through metabolic activation by CYP2E1 (George et al., 2001;
Kasprzyk-Hordern et al., 2005).
• The occurrence of dietary and environmental chemicals such as…
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CELL DIVISION CYCLE
Cell division cycle is the process by which
a cell grows, replicates its DNA and then
divides to give two daughter cells.
In prokaryotes, the cell cycle occurs via
binary fission.
In Eukaryotes, the cell cell cycle can be
divided into two brief period-------
1. Interphase----------during which the cell
grows, accumulating nutrients needed
for mitosis and duplicating its DNA
2. Mitosis (M) phase-----------during
which the cell splits itself into daughter
cells.


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CANCER
• The cell is the basic building block of all living things. All cells
normally grow and divide (multiply) to replace old cells to keep the
body healthy. A cell becomes cancerous when it grows quickly and
uncontrollably.
• Cancer is a type of a neoplasm or tumor.
• A tumor is a swelling or lesion formed by an abnormal growth of
cells (called neoplastic cells).
• The term tumor is now used as a synonym for a neoplasm. READ MORE Download Staff Profile


Background

Medicinal plants are plants that have in one or more of its organ, active substances that can be used as therapeutic agents or as precursors for the manufacture of synthetic drugs (WHO,1977).
•About 50,000 species of higher plants have been used medicinally. This represents by far the biggest use of the natural world in terms of number of species (Idu,2010).


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Diabetes is a condition characterized by accumulation of glucose in the blood under utilized. Management of diabetes without side effects is still a challenge to the medical system, as treatments for diabetes are relatively limited with significant side effects, making plant sources a target to explore new drugs. Abelmoschus caillei (A.Chev.) Stevels (AC), also known as West African okra, belongs to the family Malvaceae. AC fruits are used to manage diabetes in Nigeria, hence the aim of this study was…
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Distribution, host range, and habitat characteristics are significant factors in planning conservation strategy for parasitic plants (Marvier and Smith, 1997).


?Parasitic plants (Kuijt, 1969; Musselman and Press, 1995; Heide-Jørgensen, 2008).


?Thonningia sanguinea is a rare obligate holoparasitic plant endemic of forest trees (Bullock, 1948).


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Introduction
?Historical perspective of herbaria and plant collections
?Relevance of herbarium
?Sources of materials for herbarium
?Preparing herbarium specimens
?Some major herbarium of the world
?Reasons inadequate herbaria in Nigeria
?Conclusion/Recommendation


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INTRODUCTION

Thonningia sanguinea Vahl (Balanophoraceae) is a rare cryptic obligate holoparasitic plant endemic to tropical Africa (Bullock, 1948).
?Morphological characters are limited
?Previous attempts to assess the genetic variability in T. sanguinea have been unsuccessful (Bullock, 1948).
?Random polymorphic DNA technology (RAPD) allows for a broad revealing of numerous loci covering the genome (Nybom, 2004) and as consequence gives a true picture of the genome diversity (Klinbunga et al., 2000; Besse, 2014).


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Cultural practice remain a formidable constraint which women face in relation to the operational effectiveness of rural development in Nigeria. Developmental strategies which emphasises privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation are seen as a mantra for rural development. These development strategies as they apply to the rural economy are reflected in the privatisation of resources and services, commercialisation of agriculture, expansion of agro-industries, deregulation of labour, liberalisation of international trade. Culturally Nigeria is predominantly a patriarchy society. Patriarchy is largely…
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Large scale land deals is a developmental paradigm that explains the liberalisation, privatisation and deregulation of land and natural resources. Large scale land deals as a development paradigm is recommended within the context of globalisation. Hence, promoters of globalisation argue that land deals and investment is a tool for poverty reduction and promotes sustainable agricultural and rural development.


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RELEVANCE OF CONTRACT LAW

  • Regulation of transactions in Market Economies
  • Ensures that contracts are binding
  • Contract Law empowers actors in modern society with right principles for operation
  • Contract Law makes for planning – eg land lord –tenant relationship

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INTRODUCTION

  • Contracts are a part of our everyday life, arising in collaboration, trust, promise and credit. We are exposed to contracts in all areas of our life .
  • Contract law is an interesting subject that is relevant to each of our daily lives as most people will enter into contracts on a daily basis.

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Practice of Politics

  • Perpetual struggle to maintain such power either by performance or stark
  • Stark use of force
  • Use of this force or power to allocate benefits all the while
  • To Rosco Pound’s functionalist school, the essence of politics should be the administrative and judicial balancing of competing social interests

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Introduction
•There are a number of natural and anthropogenic processes which add Cd to the environment (Inuwa,2004) and its phytotoxic effects (Gallegoetal.,2012).
•Wild vigna an under utilized plant is a good feed for deer,ground birds and has high water holding capacities.
•This study aimed to determine the effects of Cd pollution on the germination index and dry mater accumulation of wild vigna


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INTRODUCTION
•AgriculturalsoilcontaminatedwithHMsisofincreaseworldwideconcernbecauseoffoodsafetyissuesandpotentialhealthrisks
•TwomajorHMscontributorstoitsaccumulationinediblepartofcropare:
•HMsuptakefromcontaminatedsoilviaplantroots
•Directdepositionofcontaminantsfromtheatmosphereorsoilparticlesontoplantsurfaces.
•(Cd) is considered to be the most toxic element decreasing soil biological activity and plant metabolism even at a low concentration
•Legumes; what they are and how important they are
•The study aimed to determine the effect of cadmium toxicity on the reproductive capacity of Vignaunguiculata
(Ohanmu et al., 2018;Sanitàand Gabbrielli, 1999)


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Introduction
•The Niger Delta region of Nigeria
•Oil pollution
•Reduce soil productivity
•Omosunet al. (2008) reported the highly susceptibility of plant
•Sources of oil spill
•Pepper (C. frutescensL.), a major arable crop in Nigeria and many African countries, was chosen for this study because it has become increasing popularity in ologboand most farmers have adopted to the cultivation of the plant.
•This study aims to evaluate the growth performance of Capsicum to crude oil pollution.
(Ohanmu et al., 2017)


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introduction
•Metals occur both naturally and by anthropogenic source
•They are present in the environment with a wide range of oxidation states and coordination numbers, and these differences are related to their toxicity. Some metals are essential others are not (Ohanmu et al., 2017).
•HMs can be highly reactive
•HMscanpromoteoxidativedamage
•bydirectincreaseincellularfunctionbyconcentratedROS
•byreducingthecellularantioxidantcapacity(Ohanmuetal.,2018)
•TheROSresultstounbalancedcellularredoxstatus.
•Thestorageofmetalsbycellulardetoxifyingmechanismsmakesthemavailableforassimilationbythebiotaandbiomagnificationviathefoodchain.
•PlantsrespondtoHMs
•ThisstudyinvestigatedtheantioxidantresponseofS.stenocarpatocadmium-inducestress


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Introduction

Melbourne Botanic Gardens in all publications stressed this concept that "the botany garden is an ever changing museum of living plants." (Almond, 1993).


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Introduction

In the bid to achieve food security through legume cultivation, farmers sometimes contend with soil cadmium contamination


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introduction

Unprecedentedbioaccumulationandbiomagnificationofheavymetals(HMs)intheenvironmenthavebecomeadilemmaforalllivingorganismsincludingplants(Živkovi?etal.,2012).
•HMs at toxic levels have the capability to interact with several vital cellular biomolecules
•such as nuclear proteins and DNA(Liuetal.,2014),
•leading to excessive augmentation of reactive oxygen species(ROS).


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Introduction

It is very interesting to know that Benin City is sitting on a very rich source of aquifer.
•Majority of the people in Benin have borehole as a major source of drinking water and for other uses.
•A pollution caused in this water will affect more than 83% of the in habitant
•It will be of great interest to know what this water contain and if it have any effect on the life of man,living organism and its environment. READ MORE Download Staff Profile


 The fear that the Igbo language is facing a threat of extinction is not unfounded. The indicators are indubitable that if the status quo remains as it is, the Igbo language may not survive the next fifty years. Whilst majority of the Igbo people are unruffled and remain placid about this trend, a sizeable number of people have begun to champion the crusade geared towards a reversal of this ugly trend. The comatose state of the Igbo language…
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Narratives are as old as the existence of human beings on earth. Narrative is present in every age, in every place, [and] in every society” Every age, place or society has narrative that is distinctively hers and that defines and distinguishes it from the rest of the world. This way the narratives emanating from Africa have represented Africa in a way that is distinct from every other continent in the world. Since narrative is “a prodigious variety of…
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INTRODUCTION
•Intestinal helminthiasisare soil transmitted helminthinfections which affect the world’s most impoverished and deprived communities. These infections are associated with poor environmental sanitary conditions (WHO, 2017). They are transmitted by eggs in human faeceswhich tend to contaminate the soil under poor environmental conditions.
•These diseases are also among the neglected tropical diseases which tend to have a high geographical overlap throughout the tropical countries.(Sach, 2007)


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INTRODUCTION

Power management: maximizing battery power by switching the system to low-power state when they are in active

A sensor is a device that responds to a stimulus, such as heat, light or pressure, and generates a signal that can be measured or interpreted

The main purpose of sensor networks is to monitor an area, including detecting, identifying, localising and tracking one or more objects of interest.


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Inquiry into the Political Economy of the Global Clean Energy Transition Policies and Nigeria’s Federal and State Governments’ Fiscal Policies


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The study sought to examines the warehousing processes and physical distribution efficiency in the Brewery Industry in Benin, ascertain the challenges encountered in the physical distribution operations and responsibilities in the Brewery Industry, and determine the cost of physical distribution in the Brewery Industry in Benin.  The probability sampling method was used to select 300 people from the brewery under studied, Benin.  The instrument used for data collection was primarily, questionnaire, secondary and interview.  The descriptive research design…
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 Third world is that part of the world that has developing countries located in Africa, Latin America and Asia. Third World Development consists of an
increase in socio-economic condition from a lower to a more desirable state of Development challenges are barriers, setbacks, problems and threats that make it difficult for the countries in the Third World not to move from a lower socioeconomic condition to a higher one. A millennium consists of 1000 years. So the…
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An intellectual is a well educated person that could reason logically and understand the phenomena around him or her. The understanding through the Intellectual’s Education and Training enables him or her to be able to simulate and implement new strategies. A strategy is about generalship to have courses of action with such elements as product-market scope, goals and objectives, deployment of emphasis, competitive advantage and distinctive competence, growth vector and synergy to achieve comprehensive organizational and national objective.…
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African countries are that part that has developing in which people with lowest income improves in material welfare. It has increase overtime of an economy’s capacity to produce those goods and services needed to improve the wellbeing of the citizen in increasing numbers and diversity. African production development merely is the creation of utility in both micro and macro and economic studies that are estimated nationally at least, the varying levels of production and output of both the…
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The main objective of the paper is to do a theoretical discussion of Due Process in government procurement vis-à-vis challenges its implementation in Nigeria. It becomes necessary that contract; government agency should have proceedings, transparency without favouristism and corruptible tendencies, which should be implementable and enforceable in Nigeria. The paper examines the background, problems and Due Process Procurement in Nigeria.  The assessment of the operational structure(s) arising from the different level of government in Nigeria constitutes the general…
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A business is defined as a venture which is established by an Individual, a group, an Organization, a Government or a set of Government with the aim of making profit.  Profit is the positive difference between total revenue and total cost. Research means to search again or to do a cursory examination on an event, an activity or an issue of interest. Sustainable Development means ensuring that the needs of the present generation are satisfied without hampering the…
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Environmental challenges in the world today are increasingly drawing government attention to finding ways of reducing environmental damage while ensuring that much harm is not done to economic growth. Governments have a range of tools and mechanism at their disposal, which includes regulations, innovation policies, information programmes, environmental subsidies amongst others, notwithstanding the environmental problems that are on the increase day by day


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From earliest times, the concept of Town Hall (whether as an edifice or just an open
space) had been active in Africa. It was the practice to gather the people of the
community together to discuss salient issues or to give an announcement quite pertinent
to the members of the community.
This practice is still very much alive in contemporary African setting and it still plays a
very active role in fostering peace and unity within and across communities. However, READ MORE Download Staff Profile



We need to take a look at some key concepts in this topic. These are rudiments,
content analysis, research publication and projects supervision.
1.1.1 Rudiments. The Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English(2000,p.
1239) defines rudiments as “the most basic parts of a subject, which you
must first learn.” Webster’s Universal Dictionary and
Thesaurus(2007,e.411) looked at rudiment as “a first stage, a first slight of
beginning something”
Since rudiments have to do with elements and basic principles, this
discourage will not address…
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Mass communication, as a discipline has over the years gone through series of
impressive and dynamic metamorphoses triggered by the advancement in technology,
depth and dimensions of communication research as well as societal’ endorsement of
the desirability and inevitability of the field of study.
Experts argue that the concept of Mass Communication first appeared during the
1930s to explain the essence of the dominant issues of public communication. Hardt
(1979) and Rosengren (2000) reasoned that although newspaper press already had…
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ABSRACT 

Security is the basic preoccupation of every individual, community or nation.  This is because security affects not only under a secure atmosphere that individual within a state can engage in productive ventures to meet their respective needs.  Similarly, it is under a safe and secure atmosphere that the state can mobilize both its human and natural resources for meaningful development.  To provide this much needed security therefore, service personnel in internal security operations come in contact with…
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The functional morphology of the mouth and gastro-intestinal tract of different fish species, revealed to a large extent the type of food and mode of feeding habits of the fish species.
The varieties of dietary items found in the aquatic ecosystem are to a large extent is responsible for the variations in morphological modifications to acquire and utilize the different food item by various species.


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A good biostimulant is not judged based on the biostimulation efficiency to enhance oleophilic microbial growth for hydrocarbon degradation alone but also on the ability to restore crude oil compromised sites to support agricultural activities and diverse microbial functions and regain soil integrity


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The combined effects of thermal radiation, temperature dependent viscosity (Reynolds model), Hall effects and magnetic field on a steady chemically reacting third grade fluid flow through uniformly circular pipe is studied. The governing equations are presented and the resulting nonlinear equation are solved analytically using Adomian Decomposition Method. A parametric study of important parameters involved is conducted with graphical representation of the results. Our investigation thus reveals that the viscosity, chemical and to a small extent the Hall parameter enhance…
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  • Lassa fever is a viral hemorrhagic fever
  • The virus, member of virus family Arenaviridae
  • The Mastomys natalensis called Multimammate rat is the host of the virus

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Introduction: Features
• A strain is considered “probiotic” if it proves to be safe
and has some basic features which are:
• acid and bile tolerance,
• ability to adhere to intestinal epithelium,
• antagonistic activity towards pathogenic bacteria (Lin et
al., 2006).
Survival of the intestinal transit and, at least, transient
colonization of the intestine appear to be the main
preconditions for microorganisms to be of any beneficial
effect to the host after consumption (Iyer et al., 2010).


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Prison conditions and long duration in custody of awaiting trial persons(ATPs)is a common problem in several countries of the world. In this work we analyzed data of ATPs in Medium Security prison Auchi, in Edo State, Nigeria. Our study reveal cases of persons who have stayed long in custody awaiting trial for more than 10 years. We make some recommendations on how to reduce the duration of stay in prison for ATPs. In this work, we organize and…
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Environmental contamination by heavy metals has become an issue of concern in recent times.
? Heavy metal refers to any metallic element whose density is relatively high and is toxic even at low concentration ( Lenntech, 2004).
? Heavy metals are major environmental contaminants after pesticide residues ( Yu et al., 2017 ).
? Toxicity of heavy metals results from their redistribution from non-toxic geochemical state to the surface of the earth (Sayyed, and Sayadi, 2011).
? Heavy…
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Kernel density estimation is an important smoothing technique with direct applications such as data exploratory analysis and data visualisation. This review summarizes the most important theoretical aspects of kernel density estimation and provides a description of classical methods for computing the smoothing parameter. The performance of the kernel estimator will be considered based on the classical methods of obtaining the smoothing parameter and this will be fully illustrated by real data examples


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The aim of this work is to carry out electronic and optical properties calculations of pure and doped anatase TiO2 in order to explore the potential of the material for photovoltaic application.


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ABSTRACT

The characterisation of foreign capital transfers in Nigeria may seem to reflect the theoretical assumption that the transfers would be targeted at capital generative investments and enhance economic growth. But in application, there are contradictions between the theory and practice in Nigeria. This paper is a political economy examination of some aspects of the application of foreign inflows in Nigeria.


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Abstract

Traditionally, trade unions are usually constituted for the purpose of regulating the terms and, conditions of employment of workers. To this extent, whether a union is a trade union or may not generates serious legal controversy. In most developing countries however, trade unions have pushed the frontiers of their assignment beyond mere regulation of terms and conditions of employment of workers. In Nigeria particularly, trade unions have been involved in myriads of activities which do not have…
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INTRODUCTION

  • Flocculation, in the field of Chemistry, is a process where colloids come out of suspension in the form of floc or flake.
  • According to the IUPAC definition, flocculation is “a process of contact and adhesion whereby the particles of dispersion form larger size clusters”.
  • Flocculation is synonymous with agglomeration, aggregation, and coagulation .

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INTRODUCTION

  • Mobile telecommunication industries in Nigeria have undergone significant development and great improvements over the past few decades, Oyeniran & Onikosi-Alliyu, 2016; Ajao et al, 2015; Olatokun & Ojo, 2014.
  • However, there are still some limitations to the development of cellular network system not only in Nigeria but also in some part of the World especially in developing Countries, Adetayo & Apollos, 2013; Ukhurebor et al , 2017.
  • In cellular network system, it is however difficult to manage the…
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INTRODUCTION

Flocculants, or flocculating agents are chemicals that promote flocculation by causing colloids and other suspended particles in liquids to aggregate, forming a floc (1). Thus they are widely applied in different industrial processes, including wastewater treatment, downstream processing, food and fermentation processes (2). Although chemical flocculants have been used widely due to their effective flocculating activity and low cost, some of these synthetic flocculant have threats to public health and increase environmental risks (3).

In recent years, utilization of…
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Background: Extended Spectrum Beta Lactamase (ESBL) continues to pose as one of the key sources of nosocomial infection worldwide. The study aimed at ascertaining the transfer of antimicrobial genes encoding ESBL via Conjugation amid clinical isolates of ESBL-producing Escherichia coli at a tertiary hospital in Nigeria.


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  • Haemodialysis is a TEMPORARY REPLACEMENT OF THE KIDNEY USED FOR removing excess fluid, salt and wastes from the blood. it is the most frequent treatment method of chronic renal failure (Kimmel, 2010).
  • A patient with ESRD who uses haemodialysis faces in addition to a debilitating and disruptive chronic illness, a treatment regimen that is complex, demanding and incessantly intrusive on personal and social life and the intrusiveness of these thoughts is related to depression (Christensen and Ehlers, 2014).

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  • Of all the factors of production, manpower is considered as the most important (Aigbepue and Mammud 2012).
  • Africa bears a significant proportion of the global burden of chronic and infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, tuberculosis and Viral Hepatitis ( WHO, 2005)
  • A well motivated and healthy health care work force is needed to stem this trend of diseases observed in Africa.
  • This workforce naturally should have a multidisciplinary content with all (doctors, nurses, pharmacists, laboratory…
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  • Urinary tract infections are among the most common bacterial infections in humans both in the community and hospital settings, and they occur in all age groups, usually required urgent treatment (Oladeinde et al., 2011)
  • Effective management of urinary tract infections depends largely on the availability of timely and accurate Laboratory data.
  • Accurate identification and precise reporting of susceptibility profile of uropathogens is critical in assisting physicians in making the right decisions on treatment of patients.

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Endocrine disruptors (EDs)-polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) and bisphenol-A (BPA) have been associated with increased risk of breast cancer (B.Ca). In Nigeria, there is increase in breast cancer incidence. This has been attributed to increased use and exposure to EDs. Although, several studies have been done on breast cancer, there is paucity of information on the serum levels of these EDs in Nigerian women


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Appropriate intake of micronutrients is required to maintain optimal health. Inadequate intake is recognized as an important contributor to the global burden of disease through increased rates of illness, death from infectious diseases, and of disability such as mental impairment (Ezzati et al., 2002). Deficiencies of micronutrients have been associated with various pathologies such as hypertension


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Metabolic syndrome (MS)

MS* is a constellation of interconnected factors which increase the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) (Kassi et al., 2011). One of the major public health challenges worldwide (Alberti et al., 2005) even, in the developing world where poverty is widespread.


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This study assessed the effect of short term dietary modification on inflammatory and oxidative stress indices in Nigerians with metabolic syndrome (MS).


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INTRODUCTION

Cultural practice remain a formidable constraint which women face in relation to the operational effectiveness of rural development in Nigeria. Developmental strategies which emphasises privatisation, liberalisation and deregulation are seen as a mantra for rural development. These development strategies as they apply to the rural economy are reflected in the privatisation of resources and services, commercialisation of agriculture, expansion of agro-industries, deregulation of labour, liberalisation of international trade.


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Abstract
? Thisresearch presentsanapproachfor developingBayesianNetworkmodelsofcomplexsystems from survey data. The process of collection and conversion of random survey data into meaningfulprobabilityforms areshown withemphasisonintegrating expertknowledge and respondents’ responses into aBayesian system model. Random survey questionnaireswere administeredto customersofanonlinestore to capturetheir responses aboutfactors that make for efficientproductdeliveryandqualitywebsitedesignandtoevaluatetheirlevel ofsatisfaction. The responses andotherknownfactors that influence onlinecustomersatisfaction formed the structures onwhichthe system is modelled. CustomerSatisfaction whichis akeyperformance indicator in businessesis evaluatedusingBayesianInference. Simulationresults from the model demonstratedthe applicationofBayesianNetworksin developingmodelsfor complexsystem whichcaneffectivelyserve asmanagementtool for inferencing andpredictionthat canaid…
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Abstract

Magnetron sputtering was employed to deposit 0.5 µm of chromium (Cr) film on a sintered NdFeB–based magnet. The corrosion performance of the Cr–coated magnet was analyzed, compared with an uncoated magnet, in 3.5% NaCl solution. Potentiodynamic polarization analysis revealed that the Cr film could shift the corrosion potential more positively and reduced the anodic dissolution of the magnet in the 3.5% NaCl solution. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy further showed that the Cr film could increase the charge transfer…
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INTRODUCTION

Affordable access to quality health technology and services rely on affordable reliable access to information on modern best practices and use of modern technology to enhance healthcare delivery. E-learning serves is a viable tool for providing quality competence based education in the areas of medicine and other health related disciplines. There cannot be sound, affordable and reliable healthcare practices and systems if there are not competent and well trained medical and health practitioners with up-to-date grasp of modern medical…
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INTRODUCTION

The word ‘risk’ is a commonly used word and indeed applies to all walks of life. Even simple everyday activities involve some element of risk arising from the existence of diverse conditions with the potential to cause harm and/or disaster and depending on one’s perception of the likelihood and severity of the recognized dangers, appropriate measures are taken to forestall any unpleasant event from occuring. The process of identifying potential dangers, evaluating them in terms of likelihood and severity…
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INTRODUCTION

  • What to know about amphibians : Over 6,000 species. 103 amphibian species, 101 anurans and two caecilians from within the borders of Nigeria (IUCN et al. 2006). 2,469 (43%) species are declining in population.
  • Limitation of other studies: Aisien et al. ( 2003, 2009 & 2015), Imasuen et al. (2012 & 2015).
  • Anuran fauna. Oldham (2000), Akani et al.(2004), Onadeko & Rödel (2009).
  • Baseline study. There is no literature of anuran fauna in Agbede…
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The increase in human population has led to a greater demand for food with much concern in the demand for quality protein, Aquaculture to provide protein for man.

Generally, many plant proteins are low in one of the essential amino acids but a combination of plant proteins such as grains with pulse or seeds may give a high quality protein which is just as good as protein from animal foods (Anhwange et al., 2004).

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INTRODUCTION

No impact of entrepreneurship on the nation’s economy. failure of government in its entirety. There is inadequate development of entrepreneurship attributes amongst Nigerians and indigenous firms Increasing job needs of Nigerians and other residents and PPP for o foster economic development…


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ABSTRACT
Procedures guiding relationships in the physical world may not fit those in the cyberspace. To this end policies and laws made to check criminal infractions in the physical world may need re-evaluation to fit the peculiarities of the cyberspace. Cybercrime as one of the peculiarities of the cyberspace came in the wake of the evolution of the internet. It is against this backdrop that efforts are being made at both international and local levels to draw up…
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INTRODUCTION


• Globally, manufacturing account for about 37% of the world total electrical energy demand generated in 2006 [1].


• Electrical energy demand is attributable to electricity generated from the use of fossil fuels which constitute and contributed to the world total CO2[2].


• Energy use and energy resources significantly influence the environmental impacts.


• In the course of converting coal to electricity, gases such as CO2, SO2, NO2, etc, are emitted.


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Outline
• Research Context
• Research Aim
• Objectives
• Introduction
• Background
• Methodology
• Results
• Conclusions


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INTRODUCTION


Zinc oxide varistors are voltage dependent resistors which exhibits nonlinear current-voltage characteristics. The non ohmic property, current handling capability, transient energy absorption capability, response time and high nonlinear coefficient make it more suitable for voltage surge suppression. Varistors are produced by advance ceramics technology. Different kinds of techniques for its production are available elsewhere (Lagrange, 1991; Harris, 1999).


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INTRODUCTION
The protection of electrical appliances, installations and personnel against surge voltages resulting from lightning and switching of reactive loads is not new. Benjamin Franklin is a pioneer scientist in the study of lightning (Gupta, 2007). After his famous experiment of flying kite in thunder cloud in 1745, he proved then that lighting stroke is caused by the discharge of electricity. He invented lightning rods for fixation on tall building and grounding it for protection against lightning strokes.


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INTRODUCTION


The production of lightning arresters using locally available materials in Nigeria was carried out Usifo and Edeko (1998). They used a mixture of haematite and calcium carbonate to produce the arrester. Usifo (2001) conducted s further work on these materials which resulted in the present day Oriaghe (named after the inventor) lightning arresters which have the same characteristics as that of the silicon carbide based lightning arrester. It would be interesting to note that these lightning arresters were the spark gap…
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 ABSTRACT
Transformers are electromagnetic energy transformation devices which operate on the principles of electromagnetic induction. The devices transform alternating current voltage from one value to another at a constant frequency. This work reviews the development of these functional devices using locally available materials in Nigeria. The design stages, material selection, manufacturing techniques, performance parameters such as efficiency, voltage regulation and power factor were also discussed. Some applications of the locally developed transformers were presented. The possibilities of producing larger power transformers for electrical power transmission and…
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INTRODUCTION

Crude oil pollution is a global menace that has caused critical environmental and health defects especially in oil dependent countries (Obayori et al., 2009, Muthuswamy et al., 2008).The disadvantages associated with conventional treatment of crude oil pollution have led to the development of an alternative, more economical and reliable biological approach. This makes the search for crude oil degrading microbes very crucial (Olajuyigbe and Ehiosun, 2016).


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GOVERNANCE AND MANAGEMENT OF EDO UNIVERSITY, IYAMHO
PRESENTED BY
PROF.SM.OMODIA

A LECTURE DELIVERED AT A WORKSHOP/RETREAT ORGANIZED FOR STAFF OF EDO UNIVERSITY, IYAMHO, EDO STATE, NIGERIA.

 24TH October, 2017

INTRODUCTION

The Lecture is Structured into the following Sections:

     -Why Do We Need to Understand Governance and Management of Edo University?

     -Conceptual Perspectives/Definitions

     -Nexus Between Governance and Management

     -Governance of Edo…
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ABSTRACT

Aim: To determine indices of insulin sensitivity and oral disposition index (DIo) derived from 30 min of glucose challenge in adults with sickle cell anaemia; a group in whom there is chronic inflammation.

 


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The concept of globalisation implies that the world has become a single place, a global village, with both geographical boundaries and time and space becoming meaningless. Before the 1980s, the notion of globality was strange; concepts such as ‘global governance’, ‘global political economy’, global gender relations’ and so on were virtually unknown. However, today, the idea of globality has pervaded the lexicons of politicians, journalists, social scientist, researchers and even bankers. Their language of discourse…
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The theoretical sources of the Marxist framework emanated from three disciplines. These are classical German philosophy, English political economy and French socialism. In the medieval storehouse of social knowledge, the three disciplines represented not only the fulcrum of radical change activism but also, were regarded as the foundation of deep social learning and fundamental epistemology or theory of knowledge of society and human interactions. Hence, a brief excursion is necessary in these universally acknowledged sources…
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Abstract

This research work attempts to verify newton’s law of cooling using temperature of human palm and ambient temperature of Akure, Southwestern Nigeria as case study. The two temperature were measured hourly for three days, 8th, 9th and 10th Julian day of 2016. The initial local conditions measured were used to obtain solution for the Newton’s equations for both rising and falling temperature. The results obtained shows that newton’s equation predicts temperature more accurately for falling temperature…
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Abstract.

Presently, the effects of electric and magnetic fields from high voltage transmission power lines have become a subject of scientific discord. These fields are higher close to the power lines and fall with distance. Magnetic fields vary as the load on the power lines changes whereas electric fields stay approximately constant. Electric and magnetic fields from power lines generate enormous values of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields. This research gives an analysis of the electromagnetic fields…
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Abstract:

This study examines the dynamic compression and thermo-physical properties of some particulate materials for device fabrication and utilisation obtained from Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, South Western Nigeria. These wood particles are of the species of Celtis zenkeri and Celtis phillipensis of the family of Ulmaceae. The samples were processed into different particle sizes (300, 600 and 850 ?m) and subjected to varied compacting pressure. The density and specific heat capacity of the…
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INTRODUCTION

The major function of carbohydrates in metabolism is as a fuel to be oxidized and provide energy for other metabolic processes. The carbohydrate is utilized by cells mainly as glucose. The 3 principal monosaccharides resulting from digestive processes are glucose, fructose and galactose.

 

Much of the glucose is derived from starch which accounts for over half of the fuel in the diets of most humans. Glucose is also produced from other dietary components by the liver and, to…
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INTRODUCTION

Even though the term biochemistry, after about 100 years of use, has become commonplace in our language, a precise definition is difficult and depends on who you ask. Most scientists will agree with the straightforward definition, the study of life at the molecular level. The word ?biochemistry? has two components, biology and chemistry, and students of the discipline must be well versed in the fundamentals of both subjects. Biochemistry can also be defined as:
     ? The science that is…
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INTRODUCTION

During data collections in on-farm research, one encounters situations where there are large numbers of variables comprising the dataset. One of the key steps in data analysis is finding ways to reduce dimensionality without sacrificing accuracy. Principal component analysis (PCA) is a multivariate technique in data analysis. It can be used for compressing higher dimensional data sets to lower dimensional ones (Davis, 1986).


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INTRODUCTION

WHAT IS CORRUPTION?

Corruption has been  described as the behavior of officials in the public and private sectors, involving improperly and unlawfully enriching themselves and/or those closely related to them, or inducing others to do so, by misusing the position in which they are placed (Agbu, 2003).


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OUTLINE

  • Background information
  • Rationale of the study
  • Aim and objectives
  • Research Methodology
  • Results and Discussions
  • Conclusions
  • Acknowledgement

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OUTLINE

  • What is proposal writing?
  • Why proposal writing
  • What are Donors/Evaluators looking for in your proposal?
  • Common reasons for rejecting your proposal
  • Wining proposal tips

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BACKGROUND-AIM
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease of about four subtypes with distinct clinico-pathological and molecular features. Information on the serum levels of reproductive and thyroid hormones in the breast cancer subtypes is sparse. This study is aimed at determining the contribution of reproductive and thyroid hormones to the pathogenesis of luminal, HER2+ and triple negative breast cancer subtypes


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INTRODUCTION

Infectious diseases such as malaria, trypanosomiasis, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis have huge health, social and economic impact on major populations particularly in endemic regions (Parsons et al., 2015). They are responsible for a high degree of morbidity and mortality. Globally, about 50% of deaths attributed to these diseases occur among the poorest countries of the world (Fuller et al., 2015). In addition, some of these pathogens infect domestic and wild animals, consequently, leading to zoonotic infections (Cook, 2015). Although…
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The interactions between Schistosome parasites and their intermediate snail hosts at the molecular level are crucial events that determine the success/failure of a parasite's infectivity (Adema et al., 2012; Webster et al., 2016).  The study of such interactions is currently attracting tremendous attention, particularly in relation to the development of strategies aimed at interrupting parasite transmission (Gray et al., 2012; Cantacessi et al., 2013) and hence Schistosomiasis control (Adema et al., 2012). Although, there are many studies designed…
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The interactions between Schistosome parasites and their intermediate snail hosts at the molecular level are crucial events that determine the success/failure of a parasite's infectivity (Adema et al., 2012; Webster et al., 2016).  The study of such interactions is currently attracting tremendous attention, particularly in relation to the development of strategies aimed at interrupting parasite transmission (Gray et al., 2012; Cantacessi et al., 2013) and hence Schistosomiasis control (Adema et al., 2012). Although, there are many studies designed…
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INTRODUCTION

Biomphalaria glabrata is epidemiologically an important snail species host in the transmission of human schistosomiasis in the Caribbean and South American (Reeves, 2008). This chronic and debilitating disease remains one of the most public health concerns in 74 developing countries, infecting more than 200 million people (Tallima, 2013). Intramolluscan development of S. mansoni larval in the Biomphalaria spp is a complex process involving initial infection of the snail host by the free-swimming miracidium, its subsequent transformation to…
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INTRODUCTION

  • Pomadasys jubelini commonly called the grunter
  • Family Pomadasyidae.
  • 3 species, P. perotiti, P. rogeri and P. jubelini.
  • P. jubelini most available in New Calabar–Bonny River 10% of commercial catches.
  • Valued fish, readily available, tasty and high economic value

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OBJECTIVES

   ¢Clarify the concepts of management; administration and leadership

   ¢Compare the three concepts;

   ¢Explain the four major historical paradigms or frameworks for learning principles of management and leadership;

   ¢Explain the classical principles with an emphasis on Henri Fayol’s principles

   ¢Explain the recent developments classifications of management paradigms for learning principles of management


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The study sought to examines the warehousing processes and physical distribution efficiency in the Brewery Industry in Benin, ascertain the challenges encountered in the physical distribution operations and responsibilities in the Brewery Industry, and determine the cost of physical distribution in the Brewery Industry in Benin.  The probability sampling method was used to select 300 people from the brewery under studied, Benin.  The instrument used for data collection was primarily, questionnaire, secondary and interview.  The descriptive research design…
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INTRODUCTION

  • Diabetes mellitus (diabetes) is a chronic condition which occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot use the insulin it produces effectively (Kumaran et al., 2014; Dey et al., 2015).
  • Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar, leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems.
  • Diabetes is also characterized by disturbances of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism.

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WHAT IS ICT

Information and communication technology (ICT)

     ..... is a diverse set of technological tools and resources

     .... used to communicate,

     ...... and to create, disseminate, store, and manage information.

These technologies include:

  • a broad field encompassing computers,
  • communications equipment
  • and associated services

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INTRODUCTION:

ANTISICKLING AGENTS

SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM

BAYLIS-HILLMAN ADDUCTS & COUMARINS

   vMETHODOLOGY

   vRESULTS & DISCUSSION

   vRECOMMENDATION

   vREFERENCES

   vACKNOWLEDGEMENT


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Outline

1.Concept Clarifications

2.What is Personal Development Plan (PDP)?

3.Theoretical Framework: David Kolb

4.A Model PDP

5.“Corporate” Personal Development Plan

6.Inhibitions to an effective PDP

7.Recommendations

8.References


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INTRODUCTION

  • DMN is a potent hepatotoxin, carcinogen and mutagen which exerts its carcinogenic effects, causes fibrosis, cirrhosis and induces hepatic necrosis through metabolic activation by CYP2E1 (George et al., 2001; Kasprzyk-Hordern et al., 2005).
  • The occurrence of dietary and environmental chemicals such as DMN in our drinks and foods including fish, meat as well as fresh supermarket products is well established (Okafor and Ogbonna, 2003; Okafor and Nwogbo, 2005; Okafor et al., 2007, Griesenbeck, et…
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Introduction

ü Wood is a hard fibrous structural tissue found in the stems, roots of trees and other  plants..

ü It is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibres (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression.

ü Despite the many human uses to which various woods are suited, at a fundamental level, wood is a complex biological structure,  a composite of many chemistries and cell types acting together to serve the…
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 INTRODUCTION

  • Managing diversity and employee morale have had early influences. Management of diversity naturally has been of some concern to organized history throughout the history of civilization… Fayol –Catholic Church

DM  had influence on employee morale in relation to :

  • age,
  • gender,
  • religion,
  • tribe etc.

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The Emphasis:

  • This is a research work on the development of a domain specific modeling language (DSML) for modeling oil and gas pipeline systems.
  • To create a semantic mapping of concepts in the oil and gas pipeline application domain to a language formalism with some levels of abstraction. So that pipeline systems modeling can be achieved on easily, productively and on time.

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 INTRODUCTION

This research work focuses on the development of a domain specific modelling language (DSML) for modelling oil and gas pipeline design.


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 The Emphasis:

  • This work is using presented Concept maps as a domain specific language to conceptualize knowledge representation in the oil and gas domain.
  • It specifically used Conceptual Graphs to achieve its goal.

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ABSTRACT

In most Nigerian communities, participation in decision making is gendered, reflecting the structure of the dominant patriarchal ideology. The advent of the petroleum industry in the country has further entrenched the problem by undermining the voices of women regarding the distribution of the benefits of the industry in host communities. This development is a stark contradiction of the efforts of the government as captured in the various international and Nigerian legislations, including the National Gender Policy…
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INTRODUCTION
? Research Context
? Background
? Objectives
    • Methodology
    • Experimental Details
? Taguchi analysis
    • Results and Discussions
      - Specific energy coefficients
      - Specific energy data and literature
      - Specific energy models
      - Specific energy and size effect
    • Conclusions
    • References


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Abstract:

In this era of global warming, research in weather measurement and predictions are becoming more and more pertinent; getting the latest weather forecast and taking the necessary precautions have become a major issue all over the world. This research demonstrates the design and implementation of a weather monitoring system using an Arduino Mega 2560 microcontroller and some modern reliable sensors with a real time data logger and LCD. The designed weather monitoring system is advantageous in terms…
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 ABSTRACT

The Concentrations of Heavy Metals in Selected Vegetables along Landzun River of Bida, Niger State were determined in order to establish the levels of contamination. The Vegetables samples (African Spinach, Jute mallow and Pumpkin) were analyzed for Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni and Pb using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS).With the exception of Cr and Pb, the contents of Mn, Cd and Ni were high in most of the samples analyzed when compared to the WHO/FAO standard hence may…
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ABSTRACT

For adsorbing Pb and Cr ions from wastewater was studied. Equilibrium adsorption and pseudo-first and second order kinetic studies were carried out. The effects of contact time, solution p, adsorbent dosage and temperature was also investigated and the results showed that the contact time required to reach equilibrium on Pb and Cr adsorption was 90minsH. Maximum percentage adsorption of 84.7% was attained for Pb and 71.2% was attained for Cr. The adsorption process was found to follow…
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ABSTRACT

The phytochemical and mineral compositions of selected vegetables in Minna metropolis were investigated using standard procedures. The results of the analysis showed that the concentrations of the secondary metabolites in the selected vegetables were as follows: alkaloids (4.00±2.00 to 9.33±4.16mg/100g), flavonoids (40.00±20.00 to 73.33±11.55 mg/100g), tannins (14.67±4.16 to 33.33±1.53 mg/100g), saponins (4.67±3.06 to 8.00±2.00 mg/100g), Phytates (7.56±4.36 to 68.83±17.47 mg/100g) and oxalate (19.65±0.08 to 34.39±0.28 mg/100g). B. oleracea had the highest amount of alkaloids (9.33±4.16mg/100g) while L.sativa
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