Dr Okeke Evaristus Nonso and Osho Adeyem, Cranfield University, UK; Archibong Archibong-Eso, Cross River University of Technology Nigeria; Yahaya D. Baba, The University of Sheffield, UK; Aliyu M. Aliyu, University of Nottingham, UK; Emmanuel O. Aluyor, Edo University Iyamho; Hoi Yeu   (Published 2019)

Dr Evaristus Nonso
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Previous research work has shown that sand production with hydrocarbons has helped to increase the
productivity of oil wells. However, this poses difficulties during shut down and start-up operations due
to sand deposition and are aggravated when the pipelines are undulating. The hilly-terrain geometry of
pipelines strongly affects multiphase flow regimes hence the need to study sand transport characteristics
as it is vital in efficient pipeline design. The aim of this research work is to experimentally investigate the
flow hydrodynamics that exist during sand transport in multiphase flow at different sand concentration. A
2-inch dip facility which consists of a downhill pipeline section, a lower elbow (dip) and an uphill pipeline
at inclination angles of 24° is used in the study. Extensive data were collected and analysed from continuous
measurement of instantaneous liquid and sand hold up using conductivity rings and flow visualisation using
a high speed camera. Results show that five different flow patterns were obtained from the sand-water test
both via visual observation and from the conductivity rings data namely: full suspension, streak, saltation,
sand dunes and sand bed. The knowledge of flow at minimum transport condition and full suspension
establishes the erosion rate over the life span of the pipeline. In contrast, the sand holdup measurement and
sand dune regime which was uniquely identified using the conductivity ring method would help overcome
the limitation of sand measurement in pipeline. Also, the Sand-Air-Water experiment carried out shows
the influence of the pipe geometry and multiphase flow regimes on sand transport in multiphase transport

Item Type: Conference presentation
Format: PDF document,   1.25 MB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: Multiphase Flow, Flow Regime, Conductivity Rings, Sand Transport
Department: Chemical Engineering
Field of Study: Engineering- Chemical
Uploaded By: Obajuwana Edafe Gabriel
Date Added: 13 Sep 2019 7:27am
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019
conference URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/conference/experimental_study_on_the_effect_of_undulating_pipeline_on_sand_transport_in_multiphase_flow

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