Mr Ehiosun Kevin Iyere and Folasade M. Olajuyigbe   (Published 2016)

Mr Kevin Iyere
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Folasade M. Olajuyigbe and Kevin I. Ehiosun (2016). Assessment of crude oil degradation efficiency of newly isolated actinobacteria reveals untapped bioremediation potentials. Bioremediation Journal, 20(2):133-143.



Bioremediation is gaining favourable attention as a more economical and environmentally friendly technique for the remediation of crude oil hydrocarbons. This makes the search for crude oil– degrading microbes very crucial. In this study, the isolation and identification of actinobacteria in soil samples from a selected crude oil spill site were carried out. Eighteen isolates from different soil depths (20–120 cm) were screened for their ability to grow on crude oil–based medium (COBM). Actinomyces naeslundii, Actinomyces viscosus, Actinomyces israelii, Actinomyces meyeri, and Nocardia formicae from a 20 cm soil depth exhibited higher growth profiles on COBM than on glucose-based medium (GBM). A. viscosus and A. isrealii exhibited 5- and 3-fold increase in growth over GBM and were selected for biodegradation studies. Growth kinetics and residual crude oil were used to measure the degradation efficiency of A. viscosus and A. israelii over varying crude oil concentrations. Surprisingly, A. viscosus and A. isrealii achieved 98% degradation of 10 g/L crude oil in 12 days and 97% degradation of 30, 50, and 75 g/L in 16 and 18 days, respectively. Specific activity of total peroxidase was assayed over the biodegradation period. Peroxidase activity increased with degradation efficiency of A. viscosus and A. isrealii, suggesting that peroxidases play a key role in the crude oil biodegradation process. The unique tolerance exhibited by A. viscosus and A. israelii to crude oil and high crude oil degradation efficiencies indicate their promising potential for bioremediation applications.

KEYWORDS: Actinomyces; biodegradation; bioremediation; crude oil; peroxidase

Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: Word document,   15.54 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: Actinomyces; biodegradation; bioremediation; crude oil; peroxidase
Department: Natural Science
Field of Study: Biochemistry
Uploaded By: Uddin Osemengbe Oyaimare
Date Added: 02 Nov 2017 12:41pm
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017
Journal URL:

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