BIOCHEMICAL NUTRITIONAL PARAMETERS IN BREAST-MILK AND PLASMA OF HIV INFECTED LACTATING NIGERIAN MOTHERS ON ANTI-RETROVIRAL THERAPY.
Dr Rahamon Sheu Kadiri and Arinola OG (Published 2011)
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Arinola OG and Rahamon S.K. Biochemical Nutritional Parameters in Breast-milk and Plasma of HIV Infected Lactating Nigerian Mothers on Anti-Retroviral Therapy. Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research 2011; 3 (1): 4-7.
Undernourishment in HIV infected individuals exacerbates immunosuppression, acceleration of HIV replication and CD4 + T cell depletion. The production of human milk (lactogenesis) is dependent on factors in the blood therefore deranged blood parameters in HIV patients are expected to reflect in the components of breast milk. Study on effects of HIV infection on nutritional components of breast milk and plasma is scarce. This study assessed the impact which HIV infection might have on the nutritional quality of human breast milk and plasma by determining the levels of biochemical nutritional factors such as albumin, pre-albumin, transferrin and retinol binding in HIV infected lactating mothers (n=20) and HIV-negative lactating mothers (n=30) using immunoplates. The mean plasma level of albumin was significantly reduced in HIV infected lactating mothers (HIM) compared with HIV-negative lactating mothers (control). Breast milk transferrin was significantly increased in HIM compared with the control. It is concluded from this study that hypoalbuminaemia is a common feature in HIV-infected lactating mothers.
|Item Type:||Journal article(non-copyrighted)|
|Format:||Word document, 14.91 KB|
|Field of Study:||Biochemistry|
|Uploaded By:||Uddin Osemengbe Oyaimare|
|Date Added:||02 Nov 2017 10:49am|
|Last Modified:||02 Nov 2017|
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