Prof Usunobun Usunomena and Okolie P. Ngozi   (Published 2016)

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Background: The occurrence of dietary and environmental chemicals such as dimethylnitrosamine (DMN) in drinks and foods including
fish and meat as well as fresh supermarket products is well established. This study evaluated protective effect of ethanolic leaf extract of
Vernonia amygdalina (VAE) on liver synthetic molecules, kidney function and hematological parameters in acute dimethylnitrosamine
(DMN)-induced hepatic toxicity in wistar male rats.  
Methods: Experimental rats divided into four groups of six rats each were used. The first group was untreated and served as control. The
second group was orally administered VAE (400 mg/kg) only for seven days. The third group was pre-treated with VAE (400mg/kg) for
7 days and administered 20mg/kg DMN 24hrs after VAE pre-treatment. Rats of the fourth group were given 20mg/kg DMN alone same
time with that of group 3. All rats were sacrificed 48hrs after DMN administration.  
Results: In rats administered 20mg/kg DMN, VAE pre-treatment at 400 mg/kg significantly increased total protein, albumin,White
blood cell (WBC), Red blood cell (RBC), Hemoglobin (Hb), packed cell volume (PCV) and Platelets while it significantly decreased
total bilirubin, urea and creatinine compared to DMN-alone administered rats.  
Conclusion: This study suggest that VAE pre-treatment exert its ameliorative effect against DMN-induced hematological and biochemi-cal alterations possibly by preventing the decline of antioxidant defense system and could be prescribed as adjunct to dietary therapy.

Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   209.1 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: Dimethylnitrosamine; Hematology; Kidney, Liver; Vernonia amygdalina
Department: Natural Science
Field of Study: Biochemistry
Uploaded By: Imarhiagbe Odoligie
Date Added: 22 Nov 2017 11:30am
Last Modified: 22 Nov 2017
Journal URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/journal/dimethylnitrosamine_dmn_exposed_rats_vernonia_amygdalina_pre-treatment_enhances_immunity_hepatic_and_renal_function

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