Mrs Ehis-eriakha Bertha Chioma   (Published 2016)

Mrs Bertha Chioma
See Profile Page


The reduction in the total petroleum hydrocarbon (TPH) content of a polluted soil is not indicative of
reduction in toxicity and soil recovery. However, it is expedient to design methods that will not only
remediate the soil but restore it to support agricultural and biological activities. This study involved
a bench-scale bioremediation experiment conducted to compare two treatment regimens, NPK and a
combined NPK and cow dung (NPK + CD) to enhance petroleum hydrocarbon degradation and ecorestoration.
The treatment was conducted in three microcosms representing each treatment and a control
(unamended soil). Each pot contained 4kg of soil spiked with Escravos crude oil to a final concentration
of 8695.77mg/kg and monitored for a 35 day period using gas chromatography-flame ionization detector.
At the end of the monitoring period, 32.56% removal of TPH occurred in control while NPK treatment
enhanced TPH removal with 64.62% and NPK+CD had a further biostimulatory effect on TPH with 67.56%
attenuation, respectively. Phytotoxicity assay was conducted to determine the extent of soil recovery after
the experimental monitoring period. Corn seeds (Zea mays) were planted in all experimental pots and a
pristine soil (CTRL-UP) served as control. After the 8th day, root length, shoot length and plant height
were measured as 23.3, 6, 10.2cm; 10.2, 5.5, 15.4cm and 4.8, 4.5, 14.2cm for CTRL-UP, NPK+CD and
NPK, respectively and the corn plant in NPK treatment died before the 35th day. The results confirmed that
bioremediation was nutrient-limited. The presence of requisite hydrocarbonoclastic bacterial community
with optimal nutrient availability enhanced the rate of crude oil degradation. The combination of inorganic
and organic nutrient amendment is a better treatment option as it improves soil structure, water holding
capacity and generally possess a rich microbial population with hydrocarbon utilizing capabilities.

Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   4.59 MB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: biodegradation, bioremediation, nutrients, phytotoxicity, bacteria
Department: Natural Science
Field of Study: Biology
Uploaded By: Enoyoze Esosa
Date Added: 14 Feb 2019 1:20pm
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019
Journal URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/journal/effect_of_different_nutrient_amendments_on_eco-restoration_of_a_crude_oil_polluted_soil

Google Docs     Print     Download