Department Of English and Mass Communication Journals


ABSTRACT

This article argues that African literature is a didactic literature. It points out that even though African literature has borrowed so much from European literary culture, especially in the areas of form and language; didacticism is not one of those concepts that African literature inherited from the European literary culture. By didacticism, it is implied that African literature is aimed at correcting, informing and educating its readers. These functions of didacticism are inherent in African oral traditional storytelling and are carried…
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Abstract
This article contends that spirits are perceived in different ways in different cultures. While some spirits are believed to take the form of animals like a horse with wings and a horn on its forehead, or a ram with a horn on its forehead, others are believed to take the form of humans with wings attached to their shoulders. One fascinating thing about these spirit creatures is that, as typical of spirits, they are at liberty to either make themselves visible…
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ABSTRACT
The paper begins by positing that African poetry in English expression has produced four generations of poets and then emphasises that the study is focused on the postmodernist generation, which is the latest generation of African poets in English expression. In the postmodernist generation, there are different kinds of poetic practices, but the one that is of interest in the paper is called a new historicist practice. This is explained as having to do with ‘the shifting and contradictory representations’ of ideas, issues or…
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Abstract
This article contends that Nigeria has lost her pride among the committee of nations as a result of the nefarious activities of visionless and selfish politicians who plunder the rich human and natural resources of the country. The article investigates the causes of corruption among Nigerian politicians using the poetry of Chukwuma Ibezute. The experiences of the citizens of Nigeria in the post-colony have been a vicious cycle of series of exploitation by corrupt politicians in suits and military uniforms. The…
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This article contends that Chukwuma Ibezute is one of the 21st-century African creative writers whose narratives do not deviate from the concerns of the society but stand as a means of tackling some of the issues confronting society and this is in recognition of the fact that the 21st-century African creative writers have not failed to respond to issues affecting society in contemporary Africa literature. This entails that African literature like every other world literature is what exposes to the world the…
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Abstract
This article contends that every generation has its challenges and that the first sets of people that wrestle with the challenges are the youths. In each generation, African writers make the challenges of the youths their major concerns. Like other generations, the youths of the contemporary generation are facing new societal challenges. For instance, in this generation, many youths graduate from the university without being able to demonstrate mastery of the courses they spent years to study. Using Camillus…
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This article is a ‘masculinist’ reading of Chukwuma Ibezute’s Victims of Betrayal, The Temporal Gods and Dance of Horror.The paper contends that African literature has always focused on Africa’s socio-political situation until a group of “activists in feminist movement” started agitating for a proper representation of women in literature. Unlike in Europe and America where the ideology is not challenged, in Africa it was challenged by a group of scholars who called themselves ‘masculinists’. Using Ibezute’s three novels, the ‘masculinist’…
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ABSTRACT
The paper begins by positing that African poetry in English expression has produced four generations of poets and then emphasises that the study is focused on the postmodernist generation, which is the latest generation of African poets in English expression. In the postmodernist generation, there are different kinds of poetic practices, but the one that is of interest in the paper is called a new historicist practice. This is explained as having to do with ‘the shifting and contradictory…
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Psychoanalysis as a literary theory has helped to improve understanding about “human behaviour and human mental functioning.” This is achieved through its perception of the human race as neurotic. However, with its application in poetic interpretation, poetry is perceived as an expression of displaced neurotic conflict: a consoling illusion, symptom, socially acceptable phantasy or substitute gratification. With the psychoanalytic reading of the poetry of Tanure Ojaide, an Anglophone African poet, poetry is understood as an expression of symptoms…
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This review examines issues relating to biomedical
ethics and literature in the African drama The
President’s Physician by Emmanuel Babatunde
Omobowale. The play investigates the psychological
dilemma of Doctor Bituki Warunga, a personal physician
to General Kalunga Ntibantunganyah who brutally
and inhumanely rulesWavaria, a fictional African country.
The doctor is faced with deciding to uphold the
ethics of his profession versus terminating the tyrant’s
life to set the nation free. The play aims to help budding
medical doctors rightly inculcate…
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This    study    examines    the    influence    of    Interactive    Media    on    Communication    Education    in    Nigeria.    It    employs    survey    research    design    to    study    students    and    staff    of    the    Department    of    Mass    Communication,    Cross    River    State    University    of    Science    and    Technology,    Calabar,    Nigeria.    The    data    were    collected    by    the    research    assistant    using    well    formulated    questionnaire.    The    generated    data    were    later    analyzed    using    SPSS    version    20.0.    The    study    population    stood    at    594    and    the    sample    size    for    the    study    stood    at    239.    The  …
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 This study was conducted to examine the influence of Twitter on cognitive development of Nigerian youths. Conceptual and empirical literatures were reviewed and the study was anchored on Social cognitive theory. The study adopted online survey research method (Google form) and used online Nigerian youths as respondents. A sample for the study was drawn using Morgan formula to draw a representative sample size of 384 from a population of 64,000,000 youths being the population of Nigerian youth. Availability…
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The study examined how social networking sites with alien values changed Nigerian youth communication patterns (values). It adopted library research design. Secondary data were generated for the study. The study found that social media has a set of alien values which include the speech patterns, slang, gossips, rumours, nude pictures, sexual assault, sexually explicit materials, sexual violence,  social interactions, behaviour, dressings, and general worldview. Through using these social networking sites, individuals generate, manipulate and create contents for conversations…
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Since Bob Marley’s visit to Africa, the reggae music has become one of the music genres the African artistes imbibed. By joining in singing the reggae music, the African artistes have succeeded in spicing up the reggae music with the African oral tradition. Using Winning Jah’s selected reggae songs the influence of African oral tradition on the African reggae music is revealed. The paper concludes that African reggae artistes, such as Winning Jah, have succeeded in adding African…
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This article contends that spirits are perceived in different ways in different cultures. While some spirits are believed to take the form of animals like a horse with wings and a horn on its forehead, or a ram with a horn on its forehead, others are believed to take the form of humans with wings attached to their shoulders. One fascinating thing about these spirit creatures is that, as typical of spirits, they are at liberty to either…
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One of the most fascinating debates over the years in the criticism of African literature is the argument that it is a literature of didacticism. This is because, like Chinese literature and some indigenous Indian literatures, African literature aims at informing and correcting some of the ills facing the African society. Even though African literature has been said to have borrowed so much from European literary culture, especially in the areas of form and language; didacticism cannot be…
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This paper analyzes the narratives of first generation African writers to reveal how Africa is defended and praised; and discuss the narratives of second generation (post-1960) African writers in how they depict Africa. The paper concludes that the narratives respond to the experiences of the different generations in Africa, and therefore, they cannot escape the joys and the woes of the times.
 


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Psychoanalysis as a literary theory has helped to improve understanding about “human behaviour and human mental functioning.” This is achieved through its perception of the human race as neurotic. However, with its application in poetic interpretation, poetry is perceived as an expression of displaced neurotic conflict: a consoling illusion, symptom, socially acceptable phantasy or substitute gratification. With the psychoanalytic reading of the poetry of Tanure Ojaide, an Anglophone African poet, poetry is understood as an expression of symptoms…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile


This article contends that Nigeria has lost her pride among the committee of nations as a result of the nefarious activities of visionless and selfish politicians who plunder the rich human and natural resources of the country. The article investigates the causes of corruption among Nigerian politicians using the poetry of Chukwuma Ibezute. The experiences of the citizens of Nigeria in the post-colony have been a vicious cycle of series of exploitation by corrupt politicians in suits and…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile


This article contends that Chukwuma Ibezute is one of the 21st-century African creative writers whose narratives do not deviate from the concerns of the society but stand as a means of tackling some of the issues confronting society and this is in recognition of the fact that the 21st-century African creative writers have not failed to respond to issues affecting society in contemporary Africa literature.  This entails that African literature like every other world literature is what exposes…
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One of the pillars of establishing broadcasting in Nigeria is that of national integration arising from the diverse aRd JI homogenous nationalities in the country. With over two hundred and fifty ethnic nationalities and over three hundred and fifty languages, Nigeria obviously isfaced with a lot of challenges in terms of integration and bringing the people ofNigetiia 10 work for a common goal. Broadcasting in Nigeria is now regionalized with every region catering for the interest of its…
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This study is an assessment of the state of Nigerian newspapers published on the internet. The study looks at the state of awareness and utility in readership and response to feedback services of online newspapers among readers. Also assessed are the challenges and prospects of internet newspaper publishing in Nigeria. The methodology for this study is the survey. The respondents for the study were purposively sampled from the population of newspaper readers (both online and conventional) in some…
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This study analysed some reality television programmes shown in Nigerian television stations. This arose as a result of numerous criticisms against the reality TV programmes. Anchored on the Reflective-Projective theory, Content analysis method was adopted to generate data for the study. Three research questions were set and the content of three purposively selected reality television programmes; Big Brother Africa, Gulder Ultimate Search and MTN Project Fame for the 2011 season, were analysed. A total of Twenty-one (21) episodes…
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The groundswell polemics characterising the discourse of social media and their impact cannot be complete without articulating how social media tools are beginning to shape and change the course of governance in today's world. The Nigerian government tested the people's power through the social media when it announced the removal of fuel subsidy on the 1st of January 2012. This policy was greeted with citizen's reactions, which spread like a harmattan fire demanding for a total reversal of…
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The mass media as an institution is a potent tool of social engineering. Nigerian was in the eyes of the international and local media during the country’s April 2007 general elections.  Pressmen, as social engineers and agenda setters all over the world beamed their searchlights on the elections which h opened a new chapter in the nation’s electoral history successful transition from one civilian administration to another.  This paper appraises the role of the Nigerian media as one…
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Cultural imperialism is a dynamic concept that is defined in the context of different variables – economic political and technological domination of the centre nation on periphery nations.   Most cultural imperialism theorists are westerners and therefore do not bother much to apply the concept from the perspective of Africa.   There seems to be a missing link in the crucial debate of cultural imperialism especially between developed and developing nations.  This paper revisits cultural imperialism theory with particular emphasis…
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Security which connotes protection from harm and injury is one of the critical issues in any democratic setting.  Media practitioners in Africa have been professionally battling with the art and science of security reporting in the continent which has been ravaged by plethora of security reporting in a democratic setting within the Nigerian context.  This study uses library research method because data collection was purely based on secondary materials.  The paper makes candid recommendations for the improvement of security reporting…
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The press is one of the powerful forces of social engineering in any society.  The potency of the press is hinged on the fact that it has the power to appeal to a relatively large, heterogeneous and anonymous audience almost simultaneously.  The press is an effective tool in policy formulation and execution.  The press is often looked upon by many people as purveyors for good governance.  This paper x-rays the agenda setting role of the press in Nigeria…
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This paper takes a look at the mass media as agent of social cohesion and social mobilization for holistic national development.  It examines the challenges of development communication and highlights the relevance of development journalism in Nigeria.  The paper also beams its searchlight on the approaches of development communication that can domesticate for a way forward in the country.  Anchored on development media theory, the discourse adopts a qualitative research approach as data were collected and analyzed using…
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Communication Satellite in the wireless age has the potentials of bridging the gulf that exists between civilized and developing nation. If well used, communication Satellite is a potent infrastructure of addressing technology convergence for holistic national development.  This paper examines Nigeria’s technological efforts so far at bridging the Digital Divide through communication Satellite.  This discourse focuses on the uses and challenges of Satellite communication in Nigeria.   The paper relies on secondary data to explore the fate of Nigeria…
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Community Media is community owned, peoples’ oriented and less profit driven.  It has the capacity to facilitate and smoothen effective communication in places where the presence of Mass Media is not well felt thus fostering development in other media marginalized communities.  Through community Media, crimes at grassroot level can be prevented while civil education, cross-gender dialogue, cultural literacy among other things can be harnessed for developmental purposes.  This paper holistically takes a look at community media and new…
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This study was undertaken to investigate the consequences of home video on teenage behaviour in Calabar Municipality and Calabar South Local Government Areas of Cross River State.  It specifically sought to find out whether there was any relationship between home video and teenagers’ indecent dressing and sexual activity.  To achieve the aim of this study, two research questions were generated to guide the study.  A structured questionnaire was used to collect data from 97 respondents.  Two Local Government…
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