KNOWLEDGE OF AND COMPLIANCE WITH THERAPEUTIC REGIMENS AMONG HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS IN NIGERIA

Mr Chukwuyem Emmanuelson Nkemchor and Timothy A. Ehwarieme   (Published 2019)

Mr Emmanuelson Nkemchor
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Abstract

ABSTRACT
Hypertension is a global public health issue as it is the most common cardiovascular disease
worldwide. Being one the few diseases that come with complications, this study investigated the
level of compliance of hypertensive patients with treatment regimens among such patients
attending outpatient departments of selected tertiary hospitals in Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria.
A cross-sectional descriptive research design was used. A sample size of 309 was selected
from a total population of 946. A convenient sampling technique and self-structured
questionnaire were used as an instrument for data collection. Results showed that only 40.7 per
cent of the respondents had a good knowledge of hypertension. The majority (90 %) (N = 270)
of the respondents were not compliant with treatment regimens. There was a significant
relationship between knowledge of hypertension and lifestyle modification among the
respondents at (?2 = 0.022; < p = 0.05). There was no significant difference in the level of
compliance with antihypertensive treatment between respondents in the selected hospitals (p =
0.791). The monthly income was found to have a significant relationship with compliance with
treatment regimens at (?2 = 0.000, 0.037, 0.001, 0.008, 0.010, 0.000 and 0.000; < p = 0.05). The
study also shows that there was no significant difference in knowledge and the rate of
compliance among the selected hospitals (0.883 and 0.798 respectively). Therefore it is
recommended that nurses engage in health education and awareness programmes to meet the
needs for increased awareness and further education of the people on the advantages of
adherence to their medication and treatment regimens.


Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   416.61 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: nursing
Department: Nursing
Field of Study: Nursing and Midwifery
Uploaded By: Uwaifo Ferdinand
Date Added: 14 Feb 2019 2:21pm
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2019
Journal URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/journal/knowledge_of_and_compliance_with_therapeutic_regimens_among_hypertensive_patients_in_nigeria


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