METABOLIC ALTERATIONS IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF HYPERTENSION IN AN APPARENTLY HEALTHY NIGERIAN POPULATION
Dr Rahamon Sheu Kadiri and Charles-Davies MA, Fasanmade AA, Olaniyi JA, Oyewole OE, Owolabi MO, Adebusuyi JR, Hassan OO, Ajobo BM, Ebesunun MO, Adigun K, Akinlade KS, Fabian UA, Popoola OO (Published 2013)
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Charles-Davies MA, Fasanmade AA, Olaniyi JA, Oyewole OE, Owolabi MO, Adebusuyi JR, Hassan OO, Ajobo BM, Ebesunun MO, Adigun K, Akinlade KS, Fabian UA, Popoola OO, Rahamon SK. Metabolic Alterations in Different Stages of Hypertension in an Apparently Healthy Nigerian Population. International Journal of Hypertension 2013; 2013: 351357
Metabolic syndrome (MS) amplifies hypertension (HTN) associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). MS components and other CVD risk measures were investigated in different stages of hypertension. 534 apparently healthy Nigerian traders aged 18–105 years were participants of a cohort study. The International Diabetes Federation (2005) and the National High Blood Pressure Education Program Coordinating Committee criteria were used for MS and HTN classifications, respectively.
Anthropometric indices were obtained by standard methods. Levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLC) were determined by enzymatic methods, while low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLC) was calculated. Data analysed statistically were significant at ???? < 0.05. 143 (26.8%), 197 (36.9%), and 194 (36.3%) of the traders had normotension, pre-HTN and HTN (stages 1 and 2), respectively. All indices tested except HDLC were significantly different among BP groups (???? < 0.05). Waist to hip (WHR) and waist to height (WHT) ratios were significantly different between HTN groups (???? < 0.05). HTN was associated with MS and female gender (???? < 0.05). Metabolic alterations and significant HTN were observed. Treatment of the individual components of the syndrome and improvement of modifiable metabolic factors may be necessary to reduce MS and high BP.
|Item Type:||Journal article(non-copyrighted)|
|Format:||Word document, 15.36 KB|
|Field of Study:||Biochemistry|
|Uploaded By:||Uddin Osemengbe Oyaimare|
|Date Added:||02 Nov 2017 11:45am|
|Last Modified:||02 Nov 2017|
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