Department Of Political Science and Public Administration Journals


Politics provides the opportunity for participation in the administration and management of a country. The essence is that, if elected, one is then opportune to be part of the core political process. This study attempts to highlight the extent of women participation in politics and their contributions to women empowerment and by extension national development in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. The study while acknowledging an improvement in terms of the number of women in elective and non elective positions in government…
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Efanodor, O Harriet (2011) Gender Politics and Democratization in Nigeria: A study of the Impact of Globalization on Nigeria’s Fourth Republic. The Journal of Social Policy and Society.6 (1): 31-36.

 

Abstract

Democracy has been conceptualized in different forms. It has the core characteristics which are generally accepted amongst others as, the devolution and liberalization of the electoral system. The issue of…
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Abstract

Since the collapse of the Berlin wall, there has been growing effort in Africa to democratize in line with Western style democracy. The process of democratization was expected to bring about social restructuring, liberalize and widen the political space that would make for greater women participation in politics. This paper thus examines the impact of the process of democratization on women participation in politics. Unfortunately, the paper is of the view that there has not been any remarkable…
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Abstract

The study examined the extent to which globalization has eroded the sovereignty and independence of the Nigerian state via-a-via the formulation and implementation of policies that affect its citizen. Using secondary source of data for its analysis, the study reveals that globalization policies introduced a number of material developments that undercut Nigeria sovereignty. Hence the impact of globalization is the fact that the Nigeria state is unable to control these material developments because globalization policies and decisions…
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Abstract

Liberalisation as a policy of globalisation encourages large scale acquisition of land. The implementation of the policy of liberalisation in Nigeria’s oil industry has resulted to increase intensification of oil exploration activities. The result of this event is the annexation of large scale arable land in rural communities for oil exploration related activities. Women make up large proportion of land user in the rural communities while their traditional livelihood activities depend on land. It…
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Abstract

Arguments supporting privatisation of land as articulated by its advocate’s suggest that it is a developmental paradigm necessary for rural development. Privatisation of land as a developmental strategy has intensified the integration of countries into the global system encouraging capital and investment flow into agricultural sector. Hence, the current wave of privatisation of land in rural communities of Kwara State has introduced new dimension on land as a commodity resulting to massive land grab. Given the…
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Abstract

Globalisation is reflected in the policies of liberalisation, privatisation and deregulation. These policies which are imbedded in the neo-liberal economic tradition are seen as welfarist ideology that would lead to development; hence increase the living conditions the peoples. It is further argued that the implementation of globalisation policies in developing countries while integrating all countries into the global economy is a veritable solution to the economic growth. An overlooked aspect of the above claim…
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The emergence of Boko Haram insurgence in Nigeria opened a new chapter in the history of insurgency/militancy in Nigeria. It has, for instance, brought with it suicide bombing and senseless killings of innocent citizens to the shores of Nigeria; a thing that was hitherto alien to the Nigerian clime. The once peaceful and respected nation suddenly became associated with terrorism and terrorists activities. Furthermore, Nigeria’s attempt to check the menace of the Boko Haram insurgency group, received condemnations from some…
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The rate of informal trade flows between Nigeria and Benin Republic cannot be overemphasised. Informal cross border trade between these states represent roughly 75% of the intra-regional trade in the West African sub-region. This points to the fact that undocumented trade flows in the sub-region are greater in volume than formal trade. The foundation of this is as a result of ill-defined boundaries imposed during the colonial period, which could not wear down the…
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Abstract

This article examines the role played by an indigenous agricultural product, Ishan cotton in the pre-colonial cloth industry of Esan people, Edo State, Nigeria. As primary raw material, Ishan cotton was essentially produced by female farmers who were not only culturally protected from male competition but had also developed strong comparative advantage in cloth manufacture. The growth of the Ishan cotton and locally manufactured cloth during the pre-colonial era has causal interrelationship with the transformation of the quantitative skill…
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The perfunctory characterisation of economic crises has gradually sneaked into academic discourse and increasingly acquiring scholarly influence in Nigeria. This largely features in the analysis of Nigeria’s economic crises. The current crisis is ascribed to the decline in crude oil production and glut in the oil international market. However, the hazy analysis raises questions about the ontology and nature, character and definitive appearance of economic crises. This paper is an attempt at political economy critique…
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Abstracts

This paper interrogates the substantive philosophy of Nigeria’s development policy through attempts at survey of the historicity of planning in Nigeria. The domestication of the interactions of the development phenomena, it contends is riddled with inconsistency of philosophy or ideology and methods in Nigeria. Since it would appear that Nigeria’s planning was mostly based on woolly logic without deep philosophical substantiation, the development progression was stunted and the possible gains of import substitution industrialisation, miscarried.…
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ABSTRACT
Globalization as a paradigm of development emphasizes stabilization, structural adjustment, market forces, deregulation, privatization and liberalization of trade. The realization of sustainable development through these policies by the developing states is seriously in doubt. African countries are yet to attain sustainable development despite the various arguments in support of globalization .The integration of all countries into the global economy is seen as a veritable solution to their economic growth and development. In the light of this assumption,…
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Abstract:

The study examines large scale land deals and investment in Nigeria with a focus on women in rural communities. Large scale land deals as a development paradigm is recommended within the context of globalisation. Hence, promoters of globalisation argue that land deals and investment is a tool for poverty reduction and promotes sustainable agricultural and rural development. In the light of this assumption, development paradigm which emphasises privatisation and liberalisation of land adopted by the Nigerian government…
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ABSTRACT
Research on maternal health was conducted among the residents community in republic of Benin to determine the available maternal health care services in the community and t pattern of the maternal health seeking behavio between the socio-cultural characteristic and maternal health care seeking behavio the area. The major instrume interview and non-participant observation method. The study established that there are a considerable number of maternity hospitals and health centers in the community, many of which are privately owned the…
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Abstract
The study investigated anxiety and gender as correlates of undergraduates’ perception of personal space. The study aimed at examining the relationship between anxiety and undergraduates’ perception of personal space and also assessed gender differences in undergraduates’ perception of personal space. The study employed a descriptive survey research design. It study adopted a multi-stage sampling technique in the process of the selection and the collection of data. These sampling techniques include: the stratified sampling method and the simple random sampling.…
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ABSTRACT
This study aims at determining the religious beliefs and the utilization of traditional medicine among members of Pentecostal Churches in Emure. The study was carried out using quota sampling technique. A semi containing 31 questions and an in used simultaneously to elicit information from church members. The research hypothesized that there was a significant relationship between the use of traditional medicine and the sex of respondents. Also there exists a significant relationship between the denomination of respondents and the…
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Over the years, media violence and its effects on children’s health and aggressive behaviour remain a puzzle to be solved in many urban centres of developing world. At different ages, children due to their exposure, watch, sight-see, read, play and understand videos, television, magazines, videogames and films in different ways and as such, mimic behaviour from media especially when such behaviour is presented in a simple and instructional manner. This paper examines the kind of media device parents acquired for…
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Peacebuilding in post-conflict societies in Africa has been a major challenge in the conti-nent
since the end of the Cold War. What could be responsible for this? One of the greatest challenges of
peacebuilding in post-conflict societies in Africa is making ex-combatants and victims of the conflict live
peacefully by upholding the fundamental ethics of their societies. This problem arises because armed
conflicts often erode cherished ethics in an attempt to subjugate an enemy. Most peacebuilding projects
basically achieve negative…
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Africa grapples with the world’s most serious public health crisis, but this
article shows that there are public health solutions that work in the African
setting. When the Ebola virus disease outbreak was announced in
Nigeria in July 2014, some public health specialists worried that an
apocalyptic outbreak would sweep through the vast slums of Lagos. The
words “Ebola” and “Lagos” in the same sentence were viewed as a
dangerous combination, due to the large population of Lagos and the READ MORE Download Staff Profile


Armed conflicts have been a major problem in Africa for many decades. Since the
be-ginning of the 1990s, the African continent has acquired a dubious honor of being number
one in hosting the largest number of armed con?licts and complex emergencies. This article
examines the role of international humanitarian law (IHL) in the amelioration of the plight
of victims of armed con?lict in Africa. The article shows that in spite of the ratification of IHL
by most African states, its…
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Globalization as a paradigm of development emphasizes stabilization, structural adjustment, market forces, deregulation,
privatization and liberalization of trade. The realization of sustainable development through these policies by the
developing states is seriously in doubt. African countries are yet to attain sustainable development despite the various
arguments in support of globalization .The integration of all countries into the global economy is seen as a veritable
solution to their economic growth and development. In the light of this assumption, globalization essentially conceived…
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The study examines large scale land deals and investment in Nigeria
with a focus on women in rural communities. Large scale land deals as a
development paradigm is recommended within the context of globalisation.
Hence, promoters of globalisation argue that land deals and investment is a
tool for poverty reduction and promotes sustainable agricultural and rural
development. In the light of this assumption, development paradigm which
emphasises privatisation and liberalisation of land adopted by the Nigerian
government is seen as…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


A major foreign policy feature of the President Olusegun Obasanjo's 1999-2007 administration was its flurry of foreign trips. As a tool for promoting bilateral and multilateral bargaining in interstate relations, and against the cacophony of views on the relevance of these travels for a developing economy in transition, this paper presents a post-mortem historical discourse on the President Obasanjo's diplomatic travels and assesses the gains for Nigeria as a nation-state.It uses mainly secondary data to buttress the argument…
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This paper studies globalization and national policy making among the least developed countries. It evaluated the impacts of globalization on policy and policy-making in third world countries. Third World countries are usually susceptible to global events, issues, actions and have come to rely profoundly on the global community for aids and technical support. Accordingly, national policies are intertwined with international issues. It has been argued that because Third World countries largely have frail and feeble systems of accountability,…
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 Insurgent activities carried out by terrorist organisations in West Africa continue to escalate, especially in Mali and Nigeria. This has prompted many international actors – including the European Union (EU) –to consider urgent measures towards the subregion. Significant space exists in the knowledge and analysis of the evolving situation, both on the part of international actors and the sub-regional governments themselves. This represents a key short-term challenge which must be addressed. However, the role played by these international…
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The Non-Nuclear Proliferation Treaty (NPT) which is one of the world’s most widely adopted security conventions, which also proved to be one of the most controversial treaty. Its provisions define the core bargain between those few Nuclear weapon states and numerous Non-Nuclear weapon states. The paper examines the NPT and undertakes an excursus on the dangers posed to the international nuclear control effort by the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK). Using secondary sources of information, the pap…
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Globalization as a paradigm of development emphasizes stabilization, structural adjustment, market forces, deregulation, privatization and liberalization of trade. The realization of sustainable development through these policies by the developing states is seriously in doubt. African countries are yet to attain sustainable development despite the various arguments in support of globalization .The integration of all countries into the global economy is seen as a veritable solution to their economic growth and development. In the light of this assumption, globalization…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


The emergence of Boko Haram insurgence in Nigeria opened a new chapter in the history of insurgency/militancy in Nigeria. It has, for instance, brought with it suicide bombing and senseless killings of innocent citizens to the shores of Nigeria; a thing that was hitherto alien to the Nigerian clime. The once peaceful and respected nation suddenly became associated with terrorism and terrorists activities. Furthermore, Nigeria's attempt to check the menace of the Boko Haram insurgency group, received condemnations…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


The study examines large scale land deals and investment in Nigeria with a focus on women in rural communities. Large scale land deals as a development paradigm is recommended within the context of globalisation. Hence, promoters of globalisation argue that land deals and investment is a tool for poverty reduction and promotes sustainable agricultural and rural development. In the light of this assumption, development paradigm which emphasises privatisation and liberalisation of land adopted by the Nigerian government is…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


While many thought modern African states would have found solution to the problem of artificial boundaries that colonialism birthed by now, Post-colonial Africa is yet to find plausible answers to inherited issues of identity and ethnicity years after colonialism. Where those lumped together into a geographical expression find similar rhythm of identity that class could afford, differing ethnic identity and religious beliefs pitch once peaceful brothers and neighbours against one another; leaving traces of war and the continent…
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This is aptly the era of liberal triumphalism following from the events of 1990s that engendered global capitalism at expense of global socialism. Thus, globalisation or globalism is simply global capitalism. But current phase of globalisation has been gendered, sexualised or feminised just as feminism has been globalised. Consequently, feminist scholars have played a vital role in opening up the study of globalisation to more diverse and critical perspectives that engaged the voices and perspectives of the disadvantaged…
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This article examines the current debate on the social protection paradigm as a strategy for development. Many scholars view social protection as useful for achieving development while some disagree, advocating the transformative social policy approach. It also identifies the implication of the contributions of these scholars to social
policy in Nigeria. This article argues that attacking poverty and vulnerabilities in Nigeria requires the integration of social protection with other social policies, entrenchment of good governance, diversifying the economy,…
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This paper examines the role of governance in environmental inequality in the Niger Delta. Fair access to environmental resources could help to guarantee human security and mitigate violence. Root causes of environmental inequality in Nigeria’s Niger Delta can be linked to government policies and laws such as the Land Use Act and the negative impacts of the activities of multinational oil corporations. Environmental inequality and its concomitant effects produce a trend to conflict in the Niger Delta.


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The article examines how the management of Nigeria’s public health care system reinforces poverty in the Niger Delta region. In recent times medical doctors have frequently embarked on strike as a strategy for compelling the government to improve the health care system. During periods of strikes patients are left without medical attention. Since a majority of the people are poor, they find it difficult to afford medical care in private hospitals. The inability to get proper health care…
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Increasing inequality in Nigeria has been of growing interest to scholars, international political observers, and the Nigerian public since the creation of the country in 1914 by the British colonial masters. The focus of this article is on the extent to which the practice of democracy in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic has contributed to the reduction of inequality. The article begins with the dimensions of inequality in Nigeria. The study shows that democratic governance has not adequately bridged the…
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Nigeria, a major petroleum producer and exporter, suffers from lack of refining capabilities, sometimes creating supply shortages. To satisfy demand, petroleum products must be imported from other countries. The situation is dire in areas of the Niger Delta. This has contributed to the development of artisanal refining of petroleum—a
homegrown solution. Several studies have considered various aspects of this locally innovative strategy, often focusing on its environmental problems. Little attention has been given to how local refining can…
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Human rights violations and violent conflicts in the Niger Delta of Nigeria have elicited interest from scholars and international agencies. Although studies provide significant insights into the conflicts in the Niger Delta, the issue of transitional justice has not been adequately considered. This article examines human rights violations and transitional justice in the Niger Delta. It begins with the conceptualization of human rights violations and transitional justice. It then offers a historical contextualization of oil production in Nigeria…
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Using the principles of thermodynamics for analogical purposes, this article seeks to answer the following question: What can the principles of thermodynamics reveal about the effects of crossbordermigration and Boko Haram crisis on security challenges in Africa? The increase in the intensity of terrorist attacks by Boko Haram and the responses of government security forces to curb the situation in Nigeria has resulted in internal displacement of people and themovement of affected people in Northern Nigeria to…
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Nigeria like most other African countries has responded to the growing challenge of poverty by introducing social protection strategies. Despite the rising popularity of social protection as an anti-poverty intervention throughout Africa, social protection is still inadequate in Nigeria. This article examines major social protection arrangements in Nigeria and challenges associated with them. The article begins by providing a general perspective on poverty and social protection in Nigeria. The article brings into view major reasons for the inadequacy…
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Africa has been in turmoil for many decades.  this situation has been worse since the end of the cold war.  the effect of crisis in Africa is felt by all especially women and children.  Ipso facto, this paper examines the role of communication in understanding and ameliorating the condition of women and children in conflict situations.  Using the Iceberg Model of Conflict Dynamics as the theoretical framework, the author espoused the view that all the effects of conflict…
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Electoral politics in Nigeria is often characterized by ethnicity, fraud and violence.  That is why some scholars have described elections in Nigeria as warfare.   Since the colonial period, electoral politics has been characterized by ethnic sentiments and corruption.  Obnoxious acts such as indiscriminate use of money by powerful and influential members of the elite class, popularly called “political godfathers” is also a feature of electoral politics in Nigeria.  This situation makes elected political office holders accountable to the…
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Insecurity is a major problem in developing and transition countries.  In Nigeria for example, the activities of the Boko Haram terrorist group have resulted in the destruction of lives and properties.  In April 2015, about 276 female students of Government Secondary School in the town of Chibok in Borno State, Nigeria were abducted by terrorists.  In spite of the efforts of the Nigeria Government and foreign partners to rescue the victims and prevent future occurrences another group of…
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After almost two decades of militarisation and military action as well as protests, violence and armed resistance in which civil society, communities and militants played vanguard roles, the Niger Delta entered a new historical period as of October 2009.  Based on the Federal Government's promise to address problems of the Niger Delta as part of a seven-point agenda, militants in the region accepted a federal amnesty, pursuing disarmament and a cessation of hostilities.  With the aid of secondary data, this…
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The study examined the extent to which globalization has eroded the sovereignty and independence of the Nigerian state via-a-via the formulation and implementation of policies that affect its citizen.  Using secondary source of data for its analysis, the study reveals that globalization policies introduced a number of material developments that undercut Nigeria’s state sovereignty.  Hence the impact of globalization is the fact that the Nigeria state is unable to control these material developments because globalization policies and decisions…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


Globalisation is reflected in the policies of liberalization, privatization and deregulation.  These policies which are imbedded in the neo-liberal economic tradition are seen as welfarist ideology that would lead to development; hence increase the living conditions of the peoples.  It is further argued that the implementation of glabalisation policies in developing countries while integrating all countries into the global economy is a veritable solution to the economic growth.  An overlooked aspect of the above claim is that globalization…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


Politics provides the opportunity for participation in the administration and management of a country.  The essence is that, if elected, one is then opportuned to be a part of the core political process.  This study attempts to highlight the extent of women participation in politics and their contributions to women empowerment and by extension national development in Nigeria’s Fourth Republic.  The study while acknowledging an improvement in terms of the number of women in elective and non-elective positions…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


The study examined contemporary challenges to state sovereignty and the idea of a waning sovereignty.  The study analyzed the debate on the downsizing of the principle of sovereignty as a result of the challenges posed by globalization.  Many have argued that there are political, economic, and social forces that are working to breakdown the importance and authority of states and, are creating pressures to move the world towards a much higher degree of integration.  Proponents of this vies…
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Arguments supporting privatization of land as articulated by its advocate’s suggest that it is a developmental paradigm necessary for rural development.  Privatization of land as a developmental strategy has intensified the integration of countries into the global system encouraging capital and investment flow into agricultural sector.  Hence, the current wave of privatization of land in rural communities of Kwara State has introduced new dimension on land as a commodity resulting to massive land grab.  Given the constraint which…
READ MORE Download Staff Profile      


Democracy has been conceptualized in different forms.  It has the core characteristic which is generally accepted amongst others as, the devolution and liberalization of the electoral system.  The issue of accommodating women in a democratic system has been on the front burner.  Globalization theory argues that economic decentralization is expected to encourage and stimulate the devolution of political power and a decentralized form of politics in which the state will yield political space to civil society.  In spite…
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