SEASONAL VARIATION OF HEPATITIS B AND C VIRUS INFECTION AMONG HIV- AND NON-HIV-INFECTED PATIENTS IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA

Dr Oladeinde Bankole Henry and Ifeoma M. Ekejindu2, Richard Omoregie   (Published 2019)

Dr Bankole Henry
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Abstract

Abstract
Introduction: Seasonal variation in immunity has been found in healthy individuals and in association with some diseases. Data on seasonal prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is sparse. This study aimed at determining the seasonal seroprevalence of HBV and HCV infections among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Benin City.
Material and methods: A total of 1,177 HIV-positive and 503 non-HIV-positive patients were recruited for this study. Venous blood was collected from all participants and screened for the presence of HBsAg and anti-HCV antibody using immunochromatographic technique.
Results: The seroprevalence of HBV infection did not differ significantly with respect to season among HIV-infected patients (rainy season vs. dry season: 4.2% vs. 3.4%; OR = 1.271; 95% CI = 0.695-2.322;
p = 0.451), and non-HIV-infected patients (rainy season vs. dry season: 3.2% vs. 4.0%; OR = 0.783;
95% CI = 0.305-2.020; p = 0.639). A statistically significant association was however observed between HCV seropositivity and rainy season among HIV-infected patients only (rainy season vs. dry season: 3.9% vs. 1.1%; OR = 3.789, 95% CI = 1.537-9.342; p = 0.003).
Conclusions: HIV-infected patients in Nigeria are at risk of acquiring HCV infection during the rainy season. Control and prevention methods for HBV and HCV infections among HIV-infected patients are advocated.


Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   170.95 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: MEDICAL LABORATORY SCIENCE
Department: Medical Laboratory Science
Field of Study: Medical Laboratory Science
Uploaded By: Uwaifo Ferdinand
Date Added: 28 Feb 2019 12:25pm
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019
Journal URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/journal/seasonal_variation_of_hepatitis_b_and_c_virus_infection_among_hiv-_and_non-hiv-infected_patients_in_benin_city_nigeria


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