Dr Rahamon Sheu Kadiri and Kehinde Sola Akinlade1, Ademola Akinkunmi Azeez1, Jokotade Oluremilekun Adeleye2   (Published 2018)

Dr Sheu Kadiri
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Despite the high mortality and morbidity associated with hyperglycemic emergencies (HEs), reliable biological
markers that could predict the severity and prognosis are largely unavailable. This study therefore, assessed the
performance of copeptin in predicting the severity and prognosis of HEs. Sixty patients with HEs [27 with diabetes
ketoacidosis (DKA) and 33 with hyperglycemic hyperosmolar state (HHS)] were recruited into this cross-sectional
study. Serum copeptin was determined using ELISA. Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) was used to grade the severity of
HE and the performance of copeptin in predicting the severity of HE was determined using the Area under the
Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve (AUROC). Data analysis was done using the Student’s t-test, Mann
Whitney U and Spearman correlation as appropriate. Pmedian copeptin level was slightly higher in patients with HHS than in patients with DKA. In patients with
moderately severe score of GCS (GMo), the median copeptin level was significantly higher when compared with
patients with normal GCS score (GN). Assessing the performance of copeptin in predicting the severity of HE,
copeptin had AUROC of 6.334 (P = 0.034) for GN and 0.738 (P = 0.011) for GMo. During the study, 10 patients
(16.7%) died but the median copeptin level was only slightly higher in the patients that died (PD) than in patients
that survived (PS). Also, the median copeptin level in patients who survived and were on admission for ? 11 days
was slightly higher than in those that were admitted for ? 10 days. There was a significant inverse correlation
between copeptin and GCS scores. Copeptin might not be a good prognostic marker in patients with hyperglycemic
emergencies but had good performance in predicting patients with hyperglycemic emergencies with normal and
moderately severe GCS scores

Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   284.21 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Department: Natural Science
Field of Study: Biochemistry
Uploaded By: Uwaifo Ferdinand
Date Added: 09 Mar 2019 11:37pm
Last Modified: 09 Mar 2019
Journal URL:

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