STEAM REFORMING OF BIOMASS PYROLYSIS OIL: A REVIEW

Dr Otoikhian Kevin Shegun and Adewale George Adeniyi1, Joshua O. Ighalo1   (Published 2019)

Dr Kevin Shegun
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Abstract

The steam reforming of biomass pyrolysis oil is a well-established means of producing the more useful biohydrogen.
Bio-oil has a comparatively low heating value, incomplete volatility and acidity, hence upgrading
to a more useful product is required. Over the years, the experimental conditions of the process have been
studied extensively in the domain of catalysis and process variable optimisation. Sorption enhancement is now
being applied to the system to improve the purity of the hydrogen stream. Lifecycle analyses has revealed that
bio-hydrogen offers considerable reductions in energy consumption compared to fossil fuel-derived hydrogen.
Also, green-house-gas savings from the process can also be as high as 54.5 %. Unfortunately, techno-economic
analyses have elucidated that bio-hydrogen production is still hampered by high production costs. Research
endeavours in steam reforming of biomass bio-oil is done with an eye for developing added value products that
can complement, substitute (and one day replace) fossil fuels whilst ameliorating the global warming menace.


Item Type: Journal article(non-copyrighted)
Format: PDF document,   532.96 KB
Copyright: Creative Commons LicenseCreative Commons license
Keywords: steam reforming, catalyst, biomass, pyrolysis, bio-oil, review
Department: Chemical Engineering
Field of Study: Engineering- Chemical
Uploaded By: Agbodekhe Barnabas Philip
Date Added: 08 Sep 2019 5:46pm
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2019
Journal URL: https://www.edouniversity.edu.ng/oer/journal/steam_reforming_of_biomass_pyrolysis_oil_a_review


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