Department Of Political Science and Public Administration Lecture Notes


Lecturer

1) INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Prof Omodia Stephen Monday  and Efanodor Harriet O.)

Course Objectives

(i) To introduce students to study of politics and political science.

(ii) To highlight the major sub-fields within Political Science.

(iii) To demonstrate how political science relates to other discipline in the Social Sciences.

(iv) To unfold how political activities affects human society.

(v) To introduce students to the various approaches to the study of politics.

(vi) To explain basic concepts of political science.

Lecturer

2) WHAT IS POLITICAL SCIENCE NOTE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic outline

  • The concept of politics.

  • What is science?

  • What is political science?

  • Why do we study political science?

Expected learning outcome. At the end of the topic, students are expected to be able to:

Lecturer

3) THE SCIENTIFIC NATURE OF THE STUDY OF POLITICS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture three

The Science of Politics: The Scientific Nature of the Study of Politics

Topic outline;

  • The meaning of science

  • Cannons of science

  • The scientific nature of the study of politics

  • Political scientist and the use of scientific patterns

Expected learning outcome
At…

Lecturer

4) RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POLITICAL SCIENCE AND OTHER DISCIPLINE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture four

Relationship between Political Science and other Discipline

Topic outline;

The relationship between political science and;

  • History

  • Philosophy

  • Law

  • Sociology

  • Economics

Expected outcome; at the end of the topic

Lecturer

5) SUBFIELDS OF POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture five

Subfields of Political Science

At the end of the topic, students are expected to

  • Explain the various subfields of political science.

Political science is a broad discipline with many subfields.

These subfields are;

  • Political theory or philosophy

  • Comparative politics

  • International relations

  • Political economy

  • Political sociology

  • Public administration

Lecturer

6) APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF POLITICS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture six

Approaches to the study of politics

At the end of this topic, you should be able to:

  • Identify the approaches to the study of Politics.

  • Differentiate between the various approaches to the study of politics.

  • Identify the main features of the approaches to the study of politics.

Lecturer

7) BASIC CONCEPTS IN POLITICAL SCIENCE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture seven

Basic concepts in Political Science

Expected outcome: At the end of the topic students should be able to demonstrate sound knowledge of basic concepts in political science

Readings: Ekpekurede, W. and Umukoro (2010) Political Science-An Introduction. Nigeria: AMBIK Press

Ikelegbe A. 2005 (ed) Introduction to Politics. Lagos: Imprints Services

Lecturer

8) ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Lecture Eight

Elements of Government

Readings: Ekpekurede, W. and Umukoro (2010) Political Science-An Introduction. Nigeria: AMBIK Press

What is Government?

  • Government can be defined as the body of persons who use different agencies or institution to carry out the political and administrative affairs of the state through continuous act of law making and law implementation in order to ensure orderliness.

Government as concept can be seen from three different…

Lecturer

9) INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Course Contents

  1. What is International relations.
  2. Scope and Sub-fields of International Relations
  3. The Historical Development of Contemporary International Relations.
  4. Approaches to the study of International Relations.
  5. Theories of international relations.
  6. Contending perspectives on how to thinks about International Relations
  7. The state and the International system.
  8. Foreign policy and its Instruments.
  9. International and Regional Organisation.
  10. International law.
  11. Conflict and Bargaining in International Relations.

 

Lecturer

10) WHAT IS INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS NOTE.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

What is International Relations?

Perspectives of International Relations

  • International Relations have two broad perspectives.
  • As an academic field and;
  • As relations among states.

International relations as a field of study

  • As an academic discipline it has been viewed from different perspectives;
  • The first school of thought contend that international relations is a sub field of political science;
  • The second contend that it is a separate discipline.
  • Fundamentally international relations and political science are fields that are concerned…

Lecturer

11) SCOPE AND SUB-FIELDS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Scope and Sub-Fields of International Relations

According to Akinboye and Ottoh, (2007) International relations is preoccupied with the analysis of kind of power, force and influence relationships that exist among states over issues of war and peace. The scope of international relations therefore covers

  • Sum total of relations across national boundaries
  • Method of analysis for dealing with relations
  • Issues that concern wars and alternative wars
  • Power relations across national agreements
  • Conflict, adjustments and agreements of national policies
  • Issues…

Lecturer

12) THE HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: The Historical Development of Contemporary International Relations

The purpose of this historical overview is to trace important trends over-time; the emergence of the state, the notion of sovereignty and the development of the international state system. These trends have a direct impact on international relations of today.

The Pre-Westphalian world

Greek city-states

  • The Greeks organised independent city-state
  • The city-states carried on economic relations with each other.
  • This environment fostered the flowering of the strong philosophical tradition
  • The city-state…

Lecturer

13) APPROACHES TO THE STUDY OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Approaches to the study of International Relations

Traditional and behavioural approaches constitute the two major theoretical schools of thought in international relations. Each of the two perspectives has its own methodology. The traditionalist focus their attention on the state as their unit of analysis, others base their analysis on power as the sole explanatory variable in the study of international relations. Similarly, the behaviouralists have developed different approaches in their analytical framework.

The traditional and behavioural approach

Under the…

Lecturer

14) THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Theories of International Relations

  • Scholars have interpreted theory in different ways.

General assumption of a theory

  • A theory should have scientific proposition which, when tested, are certified to be valid.
  • Theory should have universal applicability
  • One should be able to make generalization
  • Theories in international relations has been defined by Quincy Wright cited in Akinboye and Ottoh (2007) as comprehensive, coherent, and self correcting body of knowledge contributing to the understanding, the prediction, evaluation and the…

Lecturer

15) CONTENDING PERSPECTIVES ON HOW TO THINK ABOUT INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS THEORETICALLY.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Contending perspectives on how to thinks about International Relations theoretically

  • At the end of the topic student’s should be able to;
  • Explain the major theoretical underpinnings of liberalism, realism and Marxism
  • Think theoretically about events and trends in international relations
  • Analyze events using the three theoretical perspectives

Political scientists and scholars of international relations develop theories in order to understand the causes of events that occur in international relations every day.

Lecturer

16) STATE AND THE INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: State and the International System

The analysis of the international system began with the historical formation of the state system.

  • The international system is fragmented into several sovereign states.
  • The sovereign states constitute the international system
  • Westphalia peace treaty of 1648 signaled the birth of the state system
  • The creation of the state saw the redistribution of the state and the dissolution of the city-state systems
  • State is a body of people occupying a definite portion of defined…

Lecturer

17) FOREIGN POLICY AND ITS INSTRUMENTS.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: Foreign Policy and its Instruments.

At the end of this topic students’ should be able to;

  • Define foreign policy
  • Understand and explain the various levels of analysis
  • Explain the elements of foreign policy
  • Explain techniques or instruments of foreign policy

Readings: Akinboye, S. and Ottoh, O. (2007) A Systematic Approach to International Relations. Nigeria: Concept Publication.

What is Foreign Policy?

Lecturer

18) INTERNATIONAL AND REGIONAL ORGANIZATION.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: International and Regional Organization
• At the end of this topic, student’s should be able to ;
• Differentiate between universal and regional organisations
• Explain the basic common structure and features of international organisations
• Explain the importance of international organisation
• List and explain the types of international organisation
Readings: Akinboye, S. and Ottoh, O. (2007) A Systematic Approach to International Relations. Nigeria: Concept Publication.
International and Regional organization
• An organisation that…

Lecturer

19) INTERNATIONAL LAW.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Topic: International Law

  • At the end of this topic student’s are expected to ;

  • Define International law

  • Explain the categories of International law

  • List and explain the sources of International law

  • Explain why International law should be regarded as law

  • Explain the obligations conditioning states to abide by the provision of International law.

Lecturer

20) PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION.

(Mr Ayodeji Anthony Aduloju)

BASIC CONCEPTS OF PEACE STUDIES AND CONFLICT RESOLUTION

Peace is not simply the absence of war. It is also the existence of justice and equality that guarantees provisions of life are met. It includes the eradication of violence, oppression, greed and environmental destruction by the positive intervention of conflicts.

Lecturer

21) EVOLUTION OF THE CONTEMPORARY INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM (LECTURE NOTE).

(Mr Ayodeji Anthony Aduloju)

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE COURSE

This course aims at providing ISD students with the necessary theoretical and practical tools for understanding the contemporary international system. More specifically, the goal of this course is to familiarize students with

  • The notions of international system
  • International society
  • International community
  • Power
  • The origins and evolution of the contemporary international Society.

Lecturer

22) PUBLIC POLICY ANALYSIS (LECTURE NOTE).

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel  and Prof. S.M Omodia)

Objectives
1. To conceptualize public policy
2. To know the features of public policy

Lecturer

23) INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY_ LECTURE NOTE.

(Dr Olarotimi Raji Sakiru)

INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY

Lecturer

24) SOCIAL CHANGE _ LECTURE NOTE.

(Dr Olarotimi Raji Sakiru)

Social Change

Lecturer

25) SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY _ LECTURE NOTE.

(Dr Olarotimi Raji Sakiru)

Social Psychology

Lecturer

26) INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS _ LECTURE NOTES.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Politics is an essentially contested concept because the term has a number of
acceptable meanings and definitions. It has been defined in such different ways as
the exercise of power, the exercise of author, the making of collective decisions, the
allocation of scare resources, the practice of deception and manipulation amongst
others (Heywood 2004:4).
Conception of politics means the process of forming an idea of what politics is all
about. There are different conceptions of politics because scholars tend to…

Lecturer

27) HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT 1 _ LECTURE NOTES.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

Political thought also called political philosophy or theory is concerned with the
study of fundamental questions about the state government or governance, politics,
liberty, justice, rights and law. Political philosophy is a rational enquiry into all that
concerns man and his life in relationship with his fellow men in the state (Okoh,
2005:33).
Political thought is thought about the state, its structure, its nature and its purpose. It
seek to answer basic questions bothering on what is the state and…

Lecturer

28) POLITICAL IDEAS _ LECTURE NOTES.

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel)

Political Ideas

Lecturer

29) STATE AND THE ECONOMY - (LN).

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel)

The broad aim of this course is to help students have the basic knowledge of the state as a driver of economic development and appreciate its usefulness in the socio-economic growth of Nigeria and other states in the African continent.

Lecturer

30) NIGERIAN LEGAL SYSTEM - LN.

(Miss Odojor Anne Oyenmwosa)

In our everyday lives, we experience and come in contact with issues of law. This topic is intended to introduce us to law, its definition, components and classification. In addition, the topic willprovide us with a good introductory knowledge of Nigerian legal system and itspeculiar features.Every society has its unique body or norms/rules which members of that society regards as standard behavior. Obedience to rules/laws is secured by sanction. These sanctions serves as ameans of protecting the general…

Lecturer

31) INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Prof Omodia Stephen Monday)

This course introduces students to the nature of politics. It emphasises the issues of political discourse and practice. It also introduces students to the language, methods and basic concepts of Politics.

Lecturer

32) INTRODUCTION TO INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

This course examines in detail the nature of the discipline of International Relations. The course covers such diverse topics as meaning and development of International relations, The organisation of the International Society, Theories of International Relations; linkage politics, theories of Coalitions and Alliances, Balance of power Theory. It further examines the key concept of Foreign Policy, Foreign Policy and National Interest, Methods and techniques of Formulating and Executing Foreign Policy and the Principles of Bargaining and Negotiation, International…

Lecturer

33) NIGERIAN FOREIGN POLICY - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

The course focuses on the study of dominant trends in Nigeria foreign policy since independence, showing both the domestic setting and the international environment; issues during civilian and military regimes; the effects of the civil war on Nigeria’s foreign policy; the changing pattern of Nigeria’s non-aligned policy; problems of foreign policy making since 1976 and Nigeria’s pan-African role; Nigeria’s relative economic status and commitments as a regional power in Africa, and problems of relating with immediate neighbors.

Lecturer

34) INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL ANALYSIS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

The major purpose of this course is to provide a broad overview of the nature of inquiry and explanation in political science. The course is basically a study of the concept, assumptions, objectives and issues in political analysis; ways of acquiring knowledge; approaches and models of political analysis; theories of political analysis; the emergence of behaviouralism as an approach to the study of politics including its origin; the scientific method; the nature of politics; Political Systems and the…

Lecturer

35) HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT I - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

The course examines selected classical, medieval, renaissance and age of enlightenment political thinkers such as Plato, Aristotle, St Augustine of Hippo, St Thomas Aquinas, Marsilo of Padua, Nicollo Machiavelli, etc. with special emphasis on the germination and impacts of their ideas.

Lecturer

36) FOREIGN POLICY ANALYSIS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

The course provides the various conceptions used in foreign policy analysis; transactional flows, the interplay of domestic and external factors, ideological and national interest considerations, and techniques of foreign policy, application of these concepts to the examination of foreign policies of major powers; United States, United Kingdom, Russia, France, China and the emerging powers such as India, Japan, Pakistan, Iran and Israel; as well as African States

Lecturer

37) HISTORY OF POLITICAL THOUGHT II - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Efanodor Harriet O.)

This course provides a detailed examination of modern political theory/philosophy through the study of the ideas and tenets of important political theorist in the history of the development of political thought. The modern period, for the purpose of this course, covers thinkers from the time of the European reformation until the twentieth century. The European reformation which began in the early sixteenth century provide a considerable impetus to political thinking that differed from what had preceded it. We shall examine…

Lecturer

38) NIGERIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS 1 - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Oke Christiantus Ifeanyi  and Nathaniel Umukoro)

This course is designed to broaden learners’perspectives on the contending issues in Nigerian government and politics and stimulate their interest in governance. It covers areas such as the overview of Nigerian government and politics, historical analysis of the Nigerian State: Pre-Colonial, Colonial Era, Pre-Independence Constitution, Independence and Post Independence constitutions such as Republican Constitution and Presidential Constitution. Challenging issues in Nigerian government and politics such as military rule in Nigeria, revenue allocation, evolution of Nigerian federation, state creation in Nigeria,…

Lecturer

39) POLITICAL PARTIES AND PRESSURE GROUPS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Oke Christiantus Ifeanyi)

Political Parties and Pressure Groups

Lecturer

40) POLITICS OF DEVELOPMENT AND UNDERDEVELOPMENT - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Oke Christiantus Ifeanyi)

Politics of Development and Underdevelopment

Lecturer

41) THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Dr Oke Christiantus Ifeanyi)

The study of International Relations takes a widerange of the oretical approaches. Some emerge from within the discipline itself; others have been imported, in whole or in part, from disciplines such as Economics or Sociology. Indeed, few social scientific the ories have not been applied to the study of relations amongst nations.  Many theories of International Relations are internally and externally contested, and few scholars believe only in one or another. Inspite of this diversity, several majors chools…

Lecturer

42) ELEMENTS OF DEMOCRACY - LN 2018/2019.

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel)

ELEMENTS OF DEMOCRACY

Lecturer

43) POLITICAL IDEAS - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Mr Ozekhome Igechi Gabriel)

 Political Ideas

Lecturer

44) INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY I - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Mr Ogette Anthony Omokhudu)

This course is designed to activate students’ sociological imagination in order to have a solid foundation in sociology as well as equip them with the knowledge that there are different kinds of people in the world who do not necessarily think the way they do in order to increase their willingness and ability to try to see the world from other people’s perspectives thereby, preparing them to live and work in an increasingly diverse and integrated world.

Lecturer

45) INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Mr Ogette Anthony Omokhudu)

As an introduction to general psychology, the science of human mind and behaviour, this course will examine the relationship between the functioning of social systems and the behaviour and attitude of individuals. The reasons why individuals behave in particular way will be exhaustively examined along with such things as definition of psychology, genetic & environmental influences as well as causes of behaviour, perception, impression formation, personality traits, accuracy of judgement, deception and human aggression.

Lecturer

46) SOCIAL CHANGE I - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Mr Ogette Anthony Omokhudu)

Change is an integral part of human existence as evidence in the evolution of every human society in history going through different stages of growth and development. These growths are results of Man’s interaction with the environment in order to improve his living condition brought significant transformation to cultural norms and values which in turn alter the behavioural patterns of individuals and groups in every given human society with profound social consequences. This course is designed to explore…

Lecturer

47) SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY - LN FS 2018/2019.

(Mr Ogette Anthony Omokhudu)

As Humans, we are diverse and sometimes our differences make it challenging for us to get along with one another. This course is designed to examine how the presence of other people influences the behaviour of individuals and groups, and how social factors can determine whether human behaviour tends toward conflict or harmony.